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Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods. Maritime transport costs represent a high proportion of the imported value of agricultural products -- 10% on average, which is a similar level of magnitude as agricultural tariffs.
This book examines the current magnitude and characteristics of risk-related policies in agriculture and what is known about the quantitative size of agricultural risks. It looks at the on-farm, off-farm, and market instruments available to manage risk, and it explains how the holistic approach helps clarify the role of governments.
The OECD, World Trade Organisation and the UN’s Conference of Trade and Development have called on the leaders of the G20 countries to make a stronger commitment to open trade and investment as the global economy begins its recovery from the crisis.
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Societal concerns relating to agriculture play an important role in the development of national policies, with implications for trade and international relations. This study looks at how these concerns are addressed both at national level and in the context of WTO provisions.
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This paper discusses the economic impacts of the phase-out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA), which was provided for under the 1994 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC).
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This paper examines key trade and trade related issues facing South Africa and describes South Africa’s re-entry into the global trade architecture and its economic growth in the context of its trade performance.
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This study examines economic implications of India’s trade and trade policy reforms during the period from 1990 to 2007. It first describes India’s economic growth and the composition and performance of its trade at the product and broad sector level.
The Participants to the Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits have updated their responses [link to TAD/PG(2009)17/FINAL], as at 30 June 2009, to questions concerning the measures taken at a national level in response to the global financial crisis.
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Members have updated their responses to the 2007 Survey on the environment and officially supported export credits.
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Firms find advantages in sourcing inputs from abroad and in fragmenting their production process. This report describes and illustrates new firm strategies of vertical specialisation and explores the trade policy implications of new patterns of trade and investment.