The Participants to the Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits have updated their responses [link to TAD/PG(2009)17/FINAL], as at 30 June 2009, to questions concerning the measures taken at a national level in response to the global financial crisis.
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Members have updated their responses to the 2007 Survey on the environment and officially supported export credits.
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Firms find advantages in sourcing inputs from abroad and in fragmenting their production process. This report describes and illustrates new firm strategies of vertical specialisation and explores the trade policy implications of new patterns of trade and investment.
Singapore joins the Statement on the Global Financial Crisis and Export Credits
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Overall support to farmers in OECD countries has been declining. In 2008, it was 21% of farmers’ gross receipts, down from 22% in 2007 and 26% in 2006. This is the lowest level since the mid-1980s.
The sources of risk in agriculture are numerous and diverse. Analysis on how these sources affect the development of agricultural policies, and therefore how to manage the risks inherent to this sector, must be global in nature.
Overall support to farmers in OECD countries has been declining. In 2008, it was 21% of farmers’ gross receipts, the lowest level since the mid-1980s. The decline has largely been due to a narrowing of the gap between domestic and world agricultural commodity prices.
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Many developing countries took measures in the face of high international agricultural commodity prices from 2006 to 2008, while an international response focused on emergency relief and renewed investment in agricultural development. This paper examines these two approaches.
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Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is one of the most contagious animal diseases. This paper describes different options for policy intervention in the case of an FMD epidemic. It also gives an overview of the history of FMD in OECD and selected non-OECD countries, including policy measures taken.
Following the 108th Participants Meeting, the Participants to the Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits have agreed to some modifications to the rules of the Arrangement. It replaces Annex II of the Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits and is effective from 1 July 2009.