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This report develops a conceptual framework for the assessment of costs and benefits associated with non-tariff measures in agro-food trade that allows an evidence-based comparative assessment of alternative regulatory approaches.
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This study examines the diverse evaluation approaches which have been developed to assess the impact of agricultural policies and policy reform on rural development, with particular reference to the diversity of situations across OECD countries and the various reforms underway.
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Analysis of policies and other factors that influence the conversion, or preservation, of farmland in OECD countries, using three broad spatial zone categories to show how policy effects can vary with geography.
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A synthesis of three studies on: The role of agriculture and farm households in rural economies; Methods to monitor and evaluate the impacts of agricultural policies on rural development; Farmland conversion.
With the development and entry into force of the United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement in 1995, the international community made a commitment to strengthen Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMOs), established to deal with the management of shared high seas resources. This study takes stock of the changes made in RFMOs, highlighting a gradual process of improvement that has translated into significant success stories. While
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Maritime transport costs have a significant impact on the trade in agricultural goods. Maritime transport costs represent a high proportion of the imported value of agricultural products -- 10% on average, which is a similar level of magnitude as agricultural tariffs.
The sources of risk in agriculture are numerous and diverse, ranging from events related to climate and weather conditions to animal diseases; from changes in agriculture commodities prices to changes in fertilizer and other input prices; and from financial uncertainties to policy and regulatory risks. Agricultural risks are not independent, but rather are linked both to each other and as part of a system that includes all available
The OECD, World Trade Organisation and the UN’s Conference of Trade and Development have called on the leaders of the G20 countries to make a stronger commitment to open trade and investment as the global economy begins its recovery from the crisis.
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Societal concerns relating to agriculture play an important role in the development of national policies, with implications for trade and international relations. This study looks at how these concerns are addressed both at national level and in the context of WTO provisions.
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This paper discusses the economic impacts of the phase-out of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA), which was provided for under the 1994 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC).