This report complements earlier OECD work on liquid biofuels and provides information on biomass based heat and power, as well as on biogas. It discusses the heterogeneous portfolio of different biomass feedstocks, conversion technologies, and pathways of utilisation. It also shows that governments in many countries provide substantial support to the production and use of renewable energy in general, and bioenergy in particular;
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An OECD paper, free to download, explaining agricultural support.
Metals and minerals such as copper, titanium and rare earths are used to produce high-tech and energy-efficient goods such as hybrid vehicles, computers and aircraft. This paper looks at the impacts of export restrictions often put on these raw materials.
Country case studies of China, Japan, Netherlands, South Africa and the United States in measures that may hamper trade in steel scrap, recovered paper and plastic scrap, and if and how they could be removed without compromising environmental protection.
OECD advises governments on practical and innovative options for policy reform in trade, agriculture and fisheries.
Trade in steel scrap, recovered paper and plastic scrap is well developed and plays an important role in fostering environmentally sound recycling of these materials. This report assesses options for promoting trade and recycling of these non-hazardous materials.
Agriculture is the major user of water in most countries, but faces the enormous challenge of producing more food with less water. This report shows the trends and outlook for water use in agriculture.
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A study of water (irrigation) pricing in Australia, a background report to the book Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Agriculture (OECD, 2010).
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A study of water pricing in Turkey, a background report to the book Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Agriculture (OECD, 2010).
OECD countries aim to achieve their environmental objectives in agriculture by using a varying mix of policy instruments. This report looks at developments in these policies since the mid-1990s.