The dramatic collapse in world trade in 2009 is, this report shows, mainly due to: the drop in demand for highly traded products; the drying up of trade finance; and the vertically integrated nature of global supply chains. Contrary to expectations, protectionist measures were relatively muted and did not play a significant part. In fact, because of their sheer size, stimulus measures may have had more impact on trade than direct trade policy measures Nevertheless, dollar for dollar, direct trade restricting measures have the most strongly negative impacts on growth and employment: a one dollar increase in tariff revenues results in a USD 2.16 drop in world exports and a USD 0.73 drop in world income.
The analyses presented here suggest that exit strategies from measures to deal with the crisis will be most effective in boosting growth and jobs if they first roll back measures that discriminate between domestic and foreign firms and those that target specific sectors. General demand stimulus measures and active labour market policies are preferable under current conditions.
Private financial sector investment in agriculture has increased, mainly because of current prospects for income generation, capital appreciation, and uncorrelated returns with equity markets and as a hedge against inflation. This paper surveys this investment activity and its impacts.
To what extent do governments use international standards in their technical regulations? This paper looks at the electrical household appliance, natural gas equipment and telephony sectors in Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico, United States and the European Union.
Analysis and statistics for issues affecting fisheries in OECD countries in 2005, 2006 and some recent events of 2007, including changes in national and international policies, trade, climate change, and fisheries and aquaculture production.
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2010 Classification of countries according to per capita gross national income (GNI) to determine maximum repayment term and tied aid eligibility under the Arrangement, applicable as of 29 July 2010.
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Describes the sort of scientific agricultural research the CRP is interested in sponsoring or giving grants for researchers to carry out in another country, aiding international co-operation, international collaboration and networking; or for funding international conferences.
Export restrictions on raw materials, including commodities like metals and minerals, are not always effective in meeting policy objectives and should be subject to greater transparency, says this OECD study of recent trends in these measures.
Aid for Trade has the potential to boost economic growth in developing countries. However, while most trade reforms have been successful, some proved unsustainable and others had little impact on growth. This paper shows the reasons why and the lessons learned.
A report on how growth in demand for agricultural products has evolved in developing and emerging economies, notably Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia and China (the so-called BRIIC countries).
The share of farm receipts provided by government programmes rose slightly in OECD countries last year, reversing a declining trend in state support since 2004, says this overview of developments in agricultural policies.