Latest Documents


  • 16-November-2010

    English

    Linkages between Agricultural Policies and Environmental Effects - Using the OECD Stylised Agri-environmental Policy Impact Model

    Improving the environmental performance of agriculture is a high priority for OECD countries. But measuring and evaluating the impact of agri-environmental policies on the environment can be challenging, as it requires linking economic and biophysical models in country-specific  contexts. 

    The OECD has developed the Stylised Agri-environmental Policy Impact Model (SAPIM), which can be adapted and applied by researchers and policy makers to better understand the impact of policies on the agri-environment conditions in their countries. 

    This report applies the model to representative farms in Finland, Japan, Switzerland and the United States. These countries include a wide range of objectives, policy measures and agri-environmental conditions. The results highlight that when positive or negative environmental externalities are not taken into account by farmers then the production choices by farmers will reflect private costs and benefits. Policies can potentially raise social welfare by taking account of those externalities. 

    This report notes that, overall, the diversity of conditions across sectors and countries makes it difficult to generalise the impact of agri-environmental policies beyond the situations that are modeled. Nevertheless, some wider policy messages emerge. Drawing on the four case studies examined, this report recommends that; polluting activites that are not regulated should be included in policy design; the existing overall policy environment needs to be taken into account in evaluating agri-environmental policies; and environmental co-benefits and trade-offs need to be recognised.  

    Green growth policies can stimulate economic growth while preventing environmental degradation, biodiversity loss and unsustainable natural resource use. The results from this publication contribute to the Green Growth Strategy being developed by the OECD as a practical policy package for governments to harness the potential of greener growth.

  • 16-November-2010

    English

    Linkages between Agricultural Policies and Environmental Effects

    The OECD Stylised Agri-environmental Policy Impact Model (SAPIM) measures and evaluates the impact of agricultural policies on the environment. This report applies the SAPIM model to farms in Finland, Japan, Switzerland and the United States.

  • 12-November-2010

    English, , 723kb

    Seizing the Benefits of Trade for Employment and Growth

    Open markets, complemented by properly designed employment and social policies, are essential to growth and job creation, says this joint report by the OECD, the International Labour Organization (ILO), the World Bank and the World Trade Organization (WTO).

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  • 10-November-2010

    English

    Potential Market Effects of Selected Policy Options in Emerging Economies to Address Future Commodity Price Surges

    In the event of a surge in the world price of wheat or rice, policies such as additional border measures, consumer subsidies or a release of public stocks would have high costs for taxpayers and negative consequences for international markets, finds this study of ten emerging economies.

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  • 5-November-2010

    English, , 5,630kb

    Biosecurity in the New Bioeconomy

    Booklet for the conference on biosecurity organised by CSIRO in Canberra, November 2009 on the threats and opportunities, and sponsored by the OECD Co-operative Research Programme on Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems (CRP).

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  • 3-November-2010

    English

    OECD Global Forums on Agriculture

    The annual OECD Global Forum on Agriculture fosters an informed dialogue between OECD member and non-member economies on agricultural policy issues.

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  • 29-October-2010

    English

    Services-led Competitiveness: Peer Learning from Emerging Global Players, 29-30 November 2010

    The meeting served as a forum for senior services experts from emerging economies to discuss newly developed analytical tools and assess their relevance in informing evidence-based policy.

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  • 20-October-2010

    English

    Experts Meeting on Transport Services, November 2010

    Meeting of experts to discuss services for air, maritime, and land transport, as well as the transport and logistics supply chain.

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  • 20-October-2010

    English

    Experts Meeting on Distribution Services, November 2010

    Meeting of experts to discuss services for distribution, both wholesale and retail and in both food and non-food contexts.

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  • 18-October-2010

    English

    Citrus Fruits

    This publication provides comments and illustrations of standards in force regarding the classification, presentation and marking of citrus fruit in international trade under the Scheme for the Application of International Standards for Fruit and Vegetables set up by OECD in 1962. It is a valuable tool for both the Inspection Authorities and professional bodies responsible for the application of standards or interested in trade in citrus fruit. The book includes a USB key with the electronic version of the publication.

     

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