As part of the OECD accession process, Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia participated in Reviews of Market Openness with the OECD Trade Committee. These country reviews examine to what extent domestic regulations directly or indirectly distort or facilitate international competition.
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An analysis of Estonia’s trade policy-related institutions and regulations and their influence on market openness, covering transparency, non-discrimination, trade restrictiveness, harmonisation towards international standards, conformity assessment procedures and intellectual property rights.
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Over the last two decades, Israel has opened its economy to international trade and investment by lowering tariffs and improving the domestic regulatory environment for business. This review describes progress on regulatory reform in Israel, which suggests these overall trends will continue.
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This review highlights Chile’s well developed regulatory framework for trade, including recent regulatory reforms considered here in light of market openness principles. It shows that transparency is well supported in Chile’s regulatory system.
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Green growth is not only desirable and achievable, it is also essential if the food and nutrition requirements of future generations are to be met. This preliminary report outlines a broad strategy for green growth in the food and agriculture sector. It is part of the OECD’s Green Growth Strategy.
This workshop will help policy makers improve understanding of the environmental effectiveness and economic efficiency of agricultural policies, and evaluate measures that improve agriculture’s environmental performance, such as incentives for farmers to deliver public goods.
Over the coming decade, higher food prices and volatility in commodity markets are here to stay. This raises concerns for economic stability and food security in some developing countries, with poor consumers most at risk of malnutrition, said OECD Secretary-General.
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Report to the G20, coordinated by the FAO and the OECD and undertaken in a collaborative manner by FAO, IFAD, IMF, OECD, UNCTAD,WFP, the World Bank, the WTO, IFPRI and the UN HLTF.
Food prices are literally a matter of life and death, especially for the poorest of the poor, who already spend up to 80% or 90% of their income on food. Unfortunately, our medium term projections for global supply, demand and prices of agricultural commodities show that most prices look likely to trend significantly higher in the coming decade.
Trade in processed agricultural products, such as chocolates, steaks or wines, has increased between emerging economies, as have exports from emerging to high-income countries. However, trade in these products is still dominated by high-income countries.