Tariffs, government policies and availability of credit and electricity are among the factors that restrict the trade expansion of developing countries. This report identifies and quantifies these constraints, and includes case studies of Azerbaijan and Uganda.
How should we manage fisheries, forestry and other 'common pool' resources, where one person's use of them means less is available for others? Nobel Prize-winning economist Elinor Ostrom explains why we must change the way we think about managing common pool resources.
Trade liberalisation in the information and communications technology (ICT) sector, a major contributor to innovation and productivity growth, can help foster competition and reduce prices for consumers, according to this study.
Offshoring by OECD-based multinationals is mainly carried out in other OECD economies and often in high-cost countries, for high-value, knowledge-intensive activities. Developing economies must try to attract these types of activities and not be confined to low-value activities.
English, , 719kb
An analysis of Slovenia’s trade policy-related institutions and regulations and their influence on market openness, covering transparency, non-discrimination, trade restrictiveness, harmonisation towards international standards, conformity assessment procedures and intellectual property rights.
As part of the OECD accession process, Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia participated in Reviews of Market Openness with the OECD Trade Committee. These country reviews examine to what extent domestic regulations directly or indirectly distort or facilitate international competition.
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An analysis of Estonia’s trade policy-related institutions and regulations and their influence on market openness, covering transparency, non-discrimination, trade restrictiveness, harmonisation towards international standards, conformity assessment procedures and intellectual property rights.
English, , 706kb
Over the last two decades, Israel has opened its economy to international trade and investment by lowering tariffs and improving the domestic regulatory environment for business. This review describes progress on regulatory reform in Israel, which suggests these overall trends will continue.
English, , 700kb
This review highlights Chile’s well developed regulatory framework for trade, including recent regulatory reforms considered here in light of market openness principles. It shows that transparency is well supported in Chile’s regulatory system.