Latest Documents


  • 25-November-2011

    English

    Fostering Productivity and Competitiveness in Agriculture

    This report reviews economic concepts of innovation, research and development (R&D), productivity and competitiveness, and their linkages. It then discusses evidence on developments in productivity and competitiveness in the agricultural and food processing sectors and on the relationship between agricultural productivity and farm size, factor intensity, farm specialisation, human capital, consumer demand, the natural environment, investments in general infrastructures and R&D, regulations, and agricultural policies. It describes developments in public and private investments in agricultural R&D and outlines their positive impact on productivity growth. Finally, it suggests an “innovation systems” approach would help understand better how innovation translates into productivity growth.

  • 24-November-2011

    English

    Food and Agriculture

    As part of the OECD Green Growth Strategy, this new series aims to provide in-depth reviews of the green growth issues faced by different sectors. The agriculture and fisheries sectors have an important role to play in contributing to greener growth, in particular through facilitating the uptake of green technologies and management practices and reducing waste in the food chain. This will involve a range of policies, including: the reform of environmentally harmful subsidies that distort efficient resource use; freer international trade; shifting towards targeted policies that will support poor and vulnerable farmers; rewarding the provision of ecosystem services; and encouraging R&D, technologies and management practices that improve the productivity of resource use. Framing appropriate “greening” policies is also a major governance issue which requires examining the incentives and disincentives generated by policies, as well as the regulatory and institutional framework more broadly.

     

  • 17-November-2011

    English, PDF, 37kb

    Global Forum on Trade 2011: Secretary General Opening Remarks

    Opening Remarks by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General for the 2011 Global Forum on Trade

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  • 17-November-2011

    English

    OECD Insights blog post: Protectionism, gender inequality and distributing the benefits of open trade

    The 'phantom of protectionism', gender inequalities, and the need to better distribute the benefits of open trade - all feature in this entertaining OECD Insights blog post with a varied and colourful cast including Senator Smoot, Lady Chatterley, Bobby Darin and King James!

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  • 17-November-2011

    English

    Modelling the Distributional Implications of Agricultural Policies in Developing Countries

    No untargeted agricultural policy intervention is pro-poor within the rural economy, says this study of farm households in Bangladesh, Ghana, Guatemala, Malawi, Nicaragua and Vietnam using the new Development Policy Evaluation Model (DEVPEM).

  • 8-November-2011

    English

  • 8-November-2011

    English, PDF, 156kb

    Global Forum on Trade 2011 International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE)

    Global Forum on Trade 2011 International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE)

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  • 8-November-2011

    English

    Trade and Employment: The Case of Denmark and Spain

    Greater trade openness does not necessarily have an adverse effect on employment, and labour market mobility and flexibility can help countries gain from globalisation, according to this comparison of Denmark and Spain.

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  • 8-November-2011

    English

    Openness, Wage Gaps and Unions in Chile: A Micro Econometric Analysis

    The most open sectors of the Chilean economy show higher wages relative to the other sectors, according to this analysis of the relationship between wages and levels of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) openness in twenty-nine sectors in Chile.

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  • 7-November-2011

    English, , 211kb

    Risk Management in Agriculture: What Role for Governments?

    Agricultural risk management policies should focus on catastrophic risks, according to this overview. Managing normal risk should be the preserve of farmers themselves, not of government policy.

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