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Trade can be impeded by inefficient transport infrastructure, border procedures or information flows. Better logistics services reduce trade costs for businesses and improve the competitiveness of a country's exports, according to this study. (OECD Trade Policy Working Paper No. 108)
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Businesses and policymakers are concerned by recent trends in export restrictions on strategic raw materials like rare earths, metals and food commodities. OECD is working to bring more transparency and discipline to the use of these restrictions.
Fisheries reform is driven by economic forces, not environmental crisis. Policy makers must involve all stakeholders in supporting and sustaining reforms, as seen in these case studies of Iceland, Korea, Mexico, Norway and New Zealand.
U.S. agricultural policy reform should continue its recent shift towards less distortion of production and trade, notably with market-based approaches for support programmes and agricultural risk management, according to this study of reforms since 1985.
"The ability of the participants to design, negotiate and conclude such a thorough, market-driven agreement in less than a year is remarkable. It is testimony to the power of the multilateral cooperation that continues to drive OECD work 50 years after its creation.", M. Gurría declared.
How have Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reforms affected farms, sectors and regions in the European Union? These papers look at recent reforms, featuring the single payment scheme, quotas and restructuring in the sugar and dairy sectors, and the direct payment scheme.
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This is a list of all the research fellowships awarded for 2011.
Farm risk management policy in New Zealand centres on natural disaster assistance and preventing pest and disease incursions. New Zealand should strengthen a 'multi-activity enterprise' view of farming, reduce uncertainty about future environmental regulations and improve knowledge on risks.
Dutch agricultural risk management should develop an ex ante policy framework for assistance in catastrophic events such as livestock epidemics and climatic disasters, as well as a longer-term strategy on insurance.
Farm risk management in Canada is overcrowded with policies and unable to signal layers of risk that farmers should manage themselves. Canada should better define its risk programmes: income stabilization payments should focus on a middle range of risk, while farmers manage normal business risk.