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Spain's agricultural insurance system must evolve to allow more competition, differentiate marketable and catastrophic risks and reduce subsidies for marketable lines. Spain should also develop a framework for catastrophic risk and facilitate a wider choice of risk management tools for farmers.
Australia should improve governance of its drought policy, consider developing an insurance market for drought risk and help farmers adapt to climate change, says this review of agricultural risk management in the country. (OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Working Paper No. 39)
The United States is one of the most important agricultural producers in the world. It has a very large domestic market and is the world’s largest exporter of agricultural products. Indeed, the share of US agricultural production exported is more than double that of any other US industry and the trade surplus in agricultural products acts as an important stimulus to the US economy. Thus, US agricultural policies exert a strong
Much has been done over the years to improve fisheries management in OECD countries. Ongoing problems of over-fishing, overcapacity and the economic crisis intensify the need for reform. Although there is a general consensus on the importance of a successful fisheries management, the effort levels and effectiveness of policy reforms have differed among OECD countries. This study examines the factors that facilitate reform, as well as
This meeting explored the role of policy in addressing issues related to climate change, agriculture and land use, both in the context of GHG mitigation and of farmer adaptation to climate change.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is an important policy for the European Union and accounts for about 40% of the EU budget. Ever since its inception in 1958, the CAP has been regularly reviewed and adjusted to improve its performance and adapt to changing circumstances. At a time when the post-2013 future of the CAP is being discussed and major challenges such as food security and climate change lay ahead, it is important to
This report analyses the evolution of prices, farm receipts and support to agricultural producers in real terms in OECD countries and other economies. It sets out specific purchasing power parities for a range of commodities to compare developments in output volume and prices at aggregate level.
Agricultural research faces new issues, from food security to ecological concerns to land use. This collection of papers from a conference organised by the OECD Co-operative Research Programme (CRP) looks at recent progress and future challenges in agricultural research.
Climate change will affect fisheries, fish stocks and coastal communities. Fisheries policymakers must strengthen global governance, use a rights-based management system, protect ecosystems, end environmentally harmful subsidies and focus on demand for sustainably caught seafood.
A 50% reduction of trade barriers by G20 economies, complemented by active labour and adjustment policies, could generate more jobs, higher real wages and increased exports, according to new OECD analysis. (OECD Trade Policy Working Paper no. 107)