Launched and co-ordinated by the OECD, the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE) is a two-year old joint undertaking of ten international organisations. Under ICITE, a broad research agenda focusing on the interaction between trade and employment has been implemented. This book brings together some of the results of that research.
Opening with an overview chapter from the OECD, the book continues with papers covering 1)trade, wages and employment, 2) trade and services, 3) trade and working conditions, and 4) regional trade perspectives.
Reform of support to fuel use in the fisheries sector has the potential to generate both environmental and economic benefits, says this report on fuel use, tax concessions, and related information for OECD countries and partners.
Rebuilding a fishery from a collapsed state could see up to five-fold increases in its value, depending on its ecological, economic and regulatory characteristics. Appropriately-designed rights-based systems can better align individual fisher incentives to promote sustainable fisheries.
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In accordance with Article 37 a) 3) of the 2007 Aircraft Sector Understanding on Export Credits for Civil Aircraft (the ASU), the Participants to the ASU have agreed to new 2011 minimum premium rates for category 2 and Category 3 aircraft transaction.
International trade produces income gains, but increased trade exposure also creates some challenges that require complementary policies to maximise the benefits of trade. This paper looks at how Australia has dealt with these issues in recent years.
Exchange rate volatility impacts trade flows in small, open economies more than for larger economies, according to this study of trade in the agricultural and the manufacturing and mining sectors of Chile and New Zealand.
The signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was a source of debate in United States politics, particularly regarding possible labour market effects. This paper gives an overview and assessment of the debate and US employment policy responses.
Farmer behaviour, including cultural and social factors such as education and traditional local practices, should be considered when seeking to improve the environmental and economic effectiveness of agricultural policies, says this report.
Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.
Improving water quality is consistently ranked as a top environmental concern in OECD public opinion surveys. The key challenges for policy makers in addressing water quality issues in agriculture are to reduce water pollution while encourage benefits, such as maintaining aquatic life. This book examines linking policies, farm management and water quality. It looks at recent trends and prospects for water pollution from agriculture and the implications of climate change. It assesses the costs and benefits of agriculture's impact on water systems, and presents a series of case studies. Finally the report provides a set of recommendations for countries for meeting the challenge of improving agricultural water quality.