Latest Documents


24-October-2011

English

Agricultural Trade and Employment in South Africa

Agriculture continues to create jobs in rural areas of South Africa, albeit mainly in low-wage occupations, and future trade liberalisation would increase employment in the agricultural sector, according to this study.

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24-October-2011

English

Employment and the Political Economy of Trade: A Structured Review of the Literature

This paper reviews the main schools of thought on the political economy of trade and employment - in particular, the potential costs of liberalisation and the manner that concerns about these costs may inhibit countries' willingness to open markets.

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19-October-2011

English

Wage Implications of Trade Liberalisation: Evidence for Effective Policy Formation

Imports tend to bring wages up for skilled workers rather than push wages down, according to this study of the relationship between wages and trade in 55 countries and 40 industries. This positive effect is evidence of the increased productivity of firms who import inputs.

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12-October-2011

English

To What Extent Do Exchange Rates and their Volatility Affect Trade?

Exchange rate levels affect trade flows in agriculture and in the manufacturing and mining sector in China, the Euro area and the United States, though they do not explain in their entirety the trade imbalances in these three economies, this paper finds.

11-October-2011

English, Excel, 134kb

Co-operative Research Programme 2011 fellowships (with reports)

Results and reports for Co-operative Research Programme (CRP) fellowships awarded in 2011

6-October-2011

English

Comparative Advantage and Trade Performance: Policy Implications

Physical and human capital (especially second- and third-level education), financial development and some aspects of labour market institutions are important policy and institutional areas that determine comparative advantage today, according to this paper.

5-October-2011

English

Evaluation of Agricultural Policy Reforms in the European Union

European support to farm incomes has decreased substantially over the past 20 years, according to this report. Farmers earned 22% of total annual receipts from government support over the 2008-10 period, down from 39% annually over the 1986-88 period.

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4-October-2011

English

OECD and IEA recommend reforming fossil-fuel subsidies to improve the economy and the environment

Governments and taxpayers spent about half a trillion dollars last year supporting the production and consumption of fossil fuels. Removing inefficient subsidies would raise national revenues and reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, according to OECD and IEA analyses.

3-October-2011

English

Fisheries and Aquaculture Certification

Public authorities and private operators should agree on a definition of sustainability for fisheries and aquaculture, which would enhance the credibility of a label or certification, provide transparency, and enable consumers to make informed choices when they buy fish products.

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28-September-2011

English

Smart Rules for Fair Trade: 50 Years of Export Credits (Sept. 2011)

OECD export credits work is one of the basic building blocks of the ever growing structure of global trade agreements that aim to maintain open and efficient markets.

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