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Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.
Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.
This Review, undertaken in close co-operation with the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan and conducted within the framework of the OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme, assesses the performance of agriculture in Kazakhstan over the last two decades. It evaluates agricultural policy reforms in Kazakhstan and provides recommendations to address key challenges in the future. This analysis is based on the
Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.
Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to this report.
What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.
The extent to which external exposure of the Brazilian economy has contributed to employment is evaluated. Total employment variation was decomposed using the Input-Output Matrix methodology for the years 2000-07 to identify the contribution of the final demand components. The volume of direct employment associated with exports was then estimated according to worker's skill level and the geographical composition of Brazilian exports.
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Capacity building, where staff members of designated national certification and inspection authorities are trained in all aspects of the OECD Seed Schemes and their implementation and monitoring, ensures that only high quality seeds are traded internationally. This brochure offers comprehensive guidelines on capacity building activities in OECD Seed Scheme member and applicant countries.
Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.
What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.