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International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.
How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented
Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.
Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.
Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.
Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to this report.
What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.
The extent to which external exposure of the Brazilian economy has contributed to employment is evaluated. Total employment variation was decomposed using the Input-Output Matrix methodology for the years 2000-07 to identify the contribution of the final demand components. The volume of direct employment associated with exports was then estimated according to worker's skill level and the geographical composition of Brazilian exports.
English, PDF, 1,146kb
Capacity building, where staff members of designated national certification and inspection authorities are trained in all aspects of the OECD Seed Schemes and their implementation and monitoring, ensures that only high quality seeds are traded internationally. This brochure offers comprehensive guidelines on capacity building activities in OECD Seed Scheme member and applicant countries.
Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.