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Internationalised firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms that deal exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper that shows the links between global value chains (GVCs) and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities by firms provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market, the paper also shows.
How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). The paper includes two case studies — electronics in Asia and services in Chile - that demonstrate the complexity of the issues involved.
The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.
OECD papers with data, analysis and recommendations on trade policy issues, including case studies of countries and sectors, all free to access and download.
The world cereal supply situation is expected to improve in 2013/14 on higher production and larger than previously projected stocks. However, unfavorable weather is causing some delays in maize plantings in the US and undermining wheat growing conditions in the US and parts of Europe.
English, PDF, 311kb
The Commercial Interest Reference Rates for Civil Aircraft valid from 15 May to 14 June 2013
English, PDF, 318kb
Minimum interest rates to apply to official financing support for export credits covered by the nuclear power plants Understanding (Annex II of the Arrangement).
English, Excel, 581kb
ASU historical Margin Benchmark for civil aircraft.
English, Excel, 323kb
Minimum interest rates to apply to official financing support for export credits covered by the renewable energy, climate change mitigation and water projects Sector Understanding (Annex IV of the Arrangement)
English, Excel, 581kb
This excel file contains all the historical interest rates used in the Export Credits. These include CIRR since 1983, ASU CIRR since 2007, RESU CIRR since 2009 and NSU CIRR since 2009.