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  • 3-April-2019

    English

    Circular Approach and the Sustainability of the Agro-food System – Closing resource Loops to Improve Sustainability

    This joint workshop by the OECD and the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality brings together policy makers, researchers and representatives from the agro-food sector will explore the potential contribution of circular approaches to sustainable production and productivity growth in the agro-food system.

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  • 22-March-2019

    English

    Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability in Latvia

    Latvia, a member of the European Union since 2004, is a small, dynamic and open economy that has successfully transitioned from central planning to a market economy. The reforms undertaken have driven progress, although from generally low levels and at a slower pace in agriculture than for the economy as a whole. This report examines the conditions under which farms and businesses in the food and agriculture sector in Latvia undertake innovation to become more productive and environmentally sustainable. It identifies opportunities as well as challenges that need to be addressed. These include economy wide skills shortage, emigration and population decline and urban concentration of population and services. At the sectoral level, these include the use of agricultural payments to support a large number of non-commercial farms and the high level of unpaid farm labour. To meet these challenges, agricultural innovation can be harnessed to improve the sector’s productivity, as well as the sustainability and efficiency of the food system. This report provides a series of recommendations that should allow agricultural policies to contribute to a well-functioning innovation system that can meet the challenges that lie ahead.
  • 14-March-2019

    English

    Agricultural Policies in Argentina

    The Food and Agriculture Reviews provide a comprehensive assessment of agricultural policies and calculate a set of policy indicators developed by the OECD. These indicators are regularly used in the analysis of the agriculture and food sector in OECD countries and several emerging economies. This review analyses both the indicators available for Argentina and the main agricultural policy areas, such as trade, innovation, sustainability, risk management and value chains. It also provides a series of policy recommendations.Argentina’s agricultural sector has undergone a considerable innovation process over the last two decades. This transformation was mostly led by a dynamic and pro-active private sector often subject to policies providing negative support via export restrictions and taxes. The rapid adoption of technologies, such as improved varieties and no-till farming, and organisational innovations have contributed to increasing the Total Factor Productivity of crops. Government focus on providing such general services as research, extension, and animal and plant health has facilitated innovation as has the proactive management of risks by farmers. Nevertheless, environmental pressures are increasing with deforestation and the use of pesticides.
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  • 6-February-2019

    English, Excel, 47kb

    Margin Benchmark for civil aircraft, historical data (XLSX)

    ASU historical Margin Benchmark for civil aircraft.

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  • 6-February-2019

    English, Excel, 519kb

    Historical Commercial Interest Reference Rates (CIRR) in XLSx.

    This excel file contains all the historical interest rates used in the Export Credits. These include CIRR since 1983, ASU CIRR since 2007, CCSU and NSU CIRR since 2009, PDR rates since 2006 - version dated 6 February 2019.

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  • 6-February-2019

    English, PDF, 374kb

    PDR (Premium Discount Rate)

    The Premium Discount Rates valid from 15 February to 14 March 2019 have been published.

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  • 6-February-2019

    English, Excel, 537kb

    Minimum Interest Rates for Renewable Energy, Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, and Water Projects, and Nuclear Power Plants Projects

    Minimum interest rates to apply to official financing support for export credits covered by the renewable energy, climate change mitigation and adaptation and water projects Sector Understanding (Annex IV of the Arrangement), and Nuclear Power Plants Projects (Annex II of the Arrangement)

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  • 6-February-2019

    English, PDF, 494kb

    CIRR (Commercial Interest Reference Rates)

    The Commercial Interest Reference Rates valid from 15 February to 14 March 2019 have been published.

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  • 6-February-2019

    English, PDF, 487kb

    ASU CIRR: Commercial Interest Reference Rates for Civil Aircraft

    The Commercial Interest Reference Rates for Civil Aircraft valid from 15 February to 14 March 2019.

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  • 30-January-2019

    English, PDF, 339kb

    Services Trade Restrictiveness Index Country Note: Australia

    A two-page OECD summary and analysis of the Services Trade Restrictiveness Index results for Australia.

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