The US food and agriculture sector is innovative, competitive and export-oriented. Changes in national and global demand offer further opportunities for US agri-food products, although climate change and other resource constraints could create additional challenges, in particular in some regions. Maintaining high productivity growth, while improving the sustainable use of resources will require further innovation. In a policy environment generally favourable to investment and innovation, the strong US agricultural innovation system is expected to continue to create innovations that will be widely adopted, to the extent that these can be widely accepted.
The main objective of this workshop will be to explore how government policies can best address the opportunities and challenges for economic actors within the agro-food sector that are created by evolving patterns in the structure of GVCs, with special attention paid to China's place within GVCs.
This OECD expert workshop will bring together experts to assess available data and methodologies to calculate both Total Factor Productivity and Environmentally Adjusted Total Factor Productivity for the aggregate agricultural sector.
Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large. To overcome these challenges, Turkey will need to reduce the substantial technological and human resource disparities between small-holder and commercial segments in agriculture, and ensure more equal regional development. Considerable structural adjustment is also required, both within agriculture and in the overall economy, supported by broad policy actions in the areas of labour, education, social security systems, and land reform. Important efforts have been made to boost national innovation systems, but there remains considerable catch up in terms of the quality and impact of R&D.
All the classifications of countries according to per capita gross national income (GNI) to determine maximum repayment term and tied aid eligibility under the Arrangement
English, Excel, 41kb
ASU historical Margin Benchmark for civil aircraft.
English, Excel, 560kb
This excel file contains all the historical interest rates used in the Export Credits. These include CIRR since 1983, ASU CIRR since 2007, RESU CIRR since 2009 and NSU CIRR since 2009 - version dated 6 August 2016.
English, PDF, 372kb
Minimum interest rates to apply to official financing support for export credits covered by the nuclear power plants Understanding (Annex II of the Arrangement).
English, Excel, 375kb
Minimum interest rates to apply to official financing support for export credits covered by the renewable energy, climate change mitigation and adaptation and water projects Sector Understanding (Annex IV of the Arrangement)
English, PDF, 341kb
The Commercial Interest Reference Rates valid from 15 August 2016 to 14 September 2016 have been published.