Trade and Agriculture Directorate

Global Value Chains and Trade Policy


Overview of GVCs and Trade Policy


Other topics

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade, encompassing developing, emerging, and developed economies. The whole process of producing goods, from raw materials to finished products, is increasingly carried out wherever the necessary skills and materials are available at competitive cost and quality. Services also play an important role in global value chains not only by linking and co-ordinating activities of firms across countries but also as enablers of value creation and upgrading.

The growing fragmentation of production across borders highlights the need for countries to have an open, predictable and transparent trade and investment regime as tariffs, non-tariff barriers and other restrictive measures impact not only foreign suppliers, but also domestic producers. It also highlights the importance of an ambitious complementary policy agenda to leverage engagement in GVCs into more inclusive growth and employment prospects.

The OECD is currently undertaking comprehensive statistical and analytical work that aims to shed light on the scale, nature and consequences of international production sharing. Besides trade policy, the OECD work on GVCs encompasses investment, development, and other related policies as well as risk management.

This page provides specifically the most recent data, notes and publications on GVCs and trade policy. For other information, make sure to visit our global value chains overview page.


» Download our analysis on the "Trade Policy Implications of Global Value Chains" (pdf)


Recent work

Diagnostic of Chile’s Engagement in Global Value Chains

This OECD report, commissioned by the Dirección General de Relaciones Económicas Internacionales (DIRECON) of the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs, aims to lay an empirical foundation for structuring economic policies to facilitate Chile’s GVC participation and maximise the benefits associated with it for national firms and workers.

» Download the report

» Access the full library of GVC publications









Upcoming work

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Trade in Value-Added indicators

The OECD-WTO TiVA database  presents 39 indicators to better reflect the nature of trade interrelationships between countries, the domestic and foreign contributions to exports, and the importance of intermediate imports in exports, to better reflect the contribution made by services to the production of goods, and to offer a different perspective on bilateral trade balances. These indicators are calculated for 57 economies (including all OECD countries, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation and South Africa) covering the years 1995, 2000, 2005, 2008 and 2009 and are broken down by 18 industries.
» Access the TiVA Indicators
» Download the TiVA country notes



Global Value Chains: Challenges, Opportunities and Implications for Policy

OECD, WTO and World Bank Group report prepared for submission to the G20 Trade Ministers Meeting
Sydney, Australia, 19 July 2014.

Full report:
Read Online


» Access the full library of Global Value Chains documents and reports




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If you have questions or comments about the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate's work on global value chains and trade policy, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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