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Este informe preparado por la OCDE apoya la revisión de Colombia asumida por el comité de pesca de la OCDE como parte del proceso de acceso de Colombia a la OCDE. Esta es la traducción al español del reporte original.
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This background report prepared by the OECD supports the review of Colombia undertaken by the OECD Fisheries Committee as part of the process for Colombia’s accession to the OECD.
The OECD Review of Fisheries provides information on developments in policies and activities in the fishing and aquaculture sectors of OECD countries and participating economies, mainly for the period 2012-13. This year’s edition includes Argentina, the People's Republic of China, Chinese Taipei, Indonesia and Latvia.
Part I overviews the activities in the sector and includes a chapter containing two-page snapshots outlining country summary statistics and key developments in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors. Additional country-level data and detail on institutional and policy backgrounds, based on contributions by participating countries and economies, are provided in the electronic version of this report.
This report looks at the issue of tax crime in the fisheries sector, including frauds over taxes on profit and earnings, customs duties, VAT and social security, with examples from real cases.
This publication contains statistics on fisheries and aquaculture in OECD countries from 2003 to 2010. Information is provided on government financial transfers, total allowable catches, landings, employment, fleet capacity and aquaculture production.
Governments looking to boost their fish sector should consider rights-based management systems that can create incentives for stakeholders and lead to economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to this report.
This report monitors and evaluates fisheries policies in OECD member and non-member economies, including Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa.
Fisheries reform is driven by economic forces, not environmental crisis. Policy makers must involve all stakeholders in supporting and sustaining reforms, as seen in these case studies of Iceland, Korea, Mexico, Norway and New Zealand.
Climate change will affect fisheries, fish stocks and coastal communities. Fisheries policymakers must strengthen global governance, use a rights-based management system, protect ecosystems, end environmentally harmful subsidies and focus on demand for sustainably caught seafood.
Aquaculture now provides more than 50% of the global supply of fisheries products for direct human consumption. The economic, environmental and social implications of this were discussed by policy makers and experts at this 2010 conference.