Fisheries

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The OECD fisheries division provides timely policy analysis of pressing global issues in fisheries, aquaculture, and sustainable fisheries management through reports, books and policy papers.

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  The Blue Economy

Fisheries will be crucial in feeding a global population set to rise by 2 billion over the next 40 years. The challenge today is harnessing the potential of this Blue Economy.


 

Publications

Fishing for Development

This publication contains the background papers and the main conclusions for the joint meeting of OECD, FAO, and WB, held in Paris in 2014. The meeting dealt with a broad range of issues: the role of fisheries for sustainable development, rebuilding fisheries, green growth in fisheries and aquaculture, the challenge of combating IUU fishing, and the role of fisheries management organizations.

Green Growth in Fisheries and Aquaculture

This report highlights the need for a strong, science-based approach to stock management for resource sustainability, combined with a transparent and reactive policy development cycle. The report also shows that improved regulation to deal with environmental externalities and space competition is key to aquaculture.

‌The OECD Handbook for Fisheries Managers

The fisheries sector faces numerous challenges. This handbook draws upon a decade of OECD work that identifies both the challenges facing fisheries and solutions to them.


» All fisheries books
» Food, agriculture, and fisheries papers

 

Key Areas in Fisheries

Fisheries Innovation
Innovation is the deliberate process of utilising or adapting inventions and improved practices for practical use at an individual, organisational or national level. Examples of fisheries and aquaculture innovations include harvesting technologies, conservation technologies, aquaculture technologies, new products and markets, and institutional innovation.

» More about the process of innovating in fisheries and aquaculture

Aquaculture

Global demand for fish is rising, but there are limited possibilities of increasing production from capture fisheries. Aquaculture now provides more than 50% of the global supply of fisheries products for direct human consumption. In this context, the aquaculture sector is seen as an increasingly important supplier of healthy, high quality seafood.

» Discover the role of aquaculture in fisheries

Climate Change and Fisheries
Climate change will affect fish and their habitats. Warmer temperatures will influence the abundance, migratory patterns and mortality rates of wild fish stocks and determine what species can be farmed in certain regions.These climatic effects on fish will have social and economic consequences for people dependent on fisheries and aquaculture.

» Explore the impact of climate change on fisheries

Globalisation and Fisheries
Global markets for fish and fish products have changed considerably over the past few decades and continue to do so, with ever growing interactions across countries and continents. Change has brought substantial benefits to the world economy and a number of policy challenges for governments.

» Review the impact of globalisation on fisheries

Certification
Fish sellers and consumers are increasingly looking for assurances that the food they buy has been sustainably produced. Some private eco-labels and certification schemes have been established to meet consumer demand for information while helping fishers and processors to reassure their markets.

» Examine aquaculture certification schemes

Rebuilding Fisheries
Many commercial fisheries are characterised by too many fishers (and vessels) chasing too few fish. Central to addressing the situation of overfished and depleted stocks is the establishment of responsible fisheries policies and management systems, within a broader marine ecosystem context.

» Learn about responsible fisheries policies

Recreational Fisheries
Recreational fishing is a popular pastime in many countries. In salt or fresh water, recreational anglers use a number of traditional fishing techniques, from pole-and-line to nets to traps. While direct value-added of recreational fishing is small compared to commercial fishing, the amount of economic activity generated by recreational fishing can be large. The impact of this activity on rural communities where recreational fishing takes place can be important.

» Read more about recreational fisheries


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