Environment and trade

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OECD work on environment and trade covers relevant topics such as fossil fuel subsidies, the relationship between environment and regional trade agreements, as well as the illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods.

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Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures for Fossil Fuels 2015

Quantitative estimates of support for the production or consumption of fossil fuels in key economies, with a summary of each country's energy economy and support measures.

» Read it online

Environment and Regional Trade Agreements

This study provides an overview of approaches to environmental issues in RTAs and summarises country experiences in their negotiation and practical application

» Read it online

OECD Trade and environment papers

Access selected studies addressing the policy interface between trade and environment, including such issues a liberalizing trade in goods that affect the environment, and trade in environmental goods and services.

» Read it online

» Trade books
» Trade policy papers
» Trade and environment papers


Key Areas in Environment and Trade

Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures for Fossil Fuels
Support to fossil-fuel production and use in OECD countries was USD 55 – 90 billion annually during the 2005 – 2011 period, according to this inventory of over 550 mechanisms in the 34 OECD member countries. The Inventory furthers transparency and accountability, providing estimates that will help governments and stakeholders assess these policies as they look at ways to reform subsidies.

» Access the inventory site

Environment and Regional Trade Agreements
Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) have increased significantly in number over the past few years. The number of RTAs which include environmental provisions is also increasing. This study of RTAs is based on the analysis of RTA texts, and on literature examining their actual implementation, as well as on first-hand comments and input from experts from both OECD and non-OECD countries.

» Read more about environment and regional trade agreements

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods
Illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods, such as threatened wildlife, timber, hazardous waste, and ozone-depleting substances, has been a long-standing issue in the international trade and environment agenda. The nature of such illegal trade makes it difficult to fully understand its extent and impact on the environment. Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives. In this report, evidence-based on customs data and information from licensing schemes is used to document the scale of illegal trade, as well as the economic and environmental impacts of such trade. National and international policies have an important role to play in regulating and reducing illegal trade and the report highlights a range of measures that can be taken at both levels.

» Learn more about research into illegal trade

Other Topics in Environment and Trade