ISBN Number: 9264013741
Environmental Requirements and Market Access
Do environmental regulations block exports from developing countries? Whose responsibility is it to ensure that exports do not end up rotting in the ports of destination? Are voluntary environmental standards, like for organic foods, in fact obligatory for any developing-country exporter who wants to stay in the market? Or do such environmental requirements actually increase export opportunities while reducing environmental impacts and making products safer?
Investigating over twenty cases where exports from developing countries faced new environmental requirements, this OECD report addresses these and other questions. These case studies, covering a diverse number of products and exporting countries, trace a number of environmental regulations, standards and labelling schemes, from conception through implementation. In so doing, they highlight the difference that sensitivity to potential trade effects can make when designing environmental regulations and standards. They also show that timely technical assistance has played a crucial role in helping exporters from developing countries adjust to new environmental requirements without suffering adverse trade effects.
Part I. Addressing Market Access Concerns of Developing Countries Arising from Environmental and Health Requirements: Lessons from National Experiences
Part II. Case Studies on Environmental Requirements and Market Access
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