Benefits of trade liberalisation

Regional Trade Agreements

 

‌‌ RTA webpage ‌              

Regional trade agreements (RTAs) cover more than half of international trade and operate alongside global multilateral agreements under the World Trade Organization (WTO). Two broad policy lessons have emerged from OECD work in this area. The first is that the actual effects of RTAs bolster the case for a strengthened multilateral framework, particularly when regionalism leads to a patchwork effect between members and non-members within the concerned region, and thereby raise transaction costs for business. A second lesson is that while some consequences of RTA activity contribute to the case for strengthening the multilateral framework, some features of regional approaches may complement multilateral rules. The scope for such complementarity arises from the contribution which regional initiatives can make towards multilaterally-driven liberalisation and harmonious rule-making that goes beyond the WTO. Together, these two elements have yielded highly effective synergies between approaches at the regional and multilateral levels.

 

Overview of Multilateralising Regionalism

Multilateralising 21st century regionalism

Regionalism and the multilateral trading system

 

Export Restrictions

Multilateralising regionalism: Disciplines on export restrictions in RTAs

 

Services and Services-Related

The political economy of services in RTAs

Multilateralising regionalism:

  - How preferential are services commitments in RTAs?

  - The case of E-commerce

The relationship between RTAs and the multilateral trading system: Services

Labour mobility in RTAs

Environment

Drivers behind the inclusion of environmental measures in RTAs (forthcoming)

Developments in RTAs and the environment: 2012 Update

Implementing RTAs with environmental provisions

RTAs and the environment: Monitoring implementation and assessing impacts

Environment and RTAs: Developments in 2008

Environment and RTAs

The relationship between RTAs and the multilateral trading system: Environment

 

Investment, Competition and IPR

The interaction between investment and services chapters in selected RTAs

Competition Provisions in RTAs

Analysis of the economic impact of investment provisions in RTAs

The relationship between RTAs and the multilateral trading system:

  - Investment

  - Competition

  - Contingency protection

  - Intellectual property rights 

Agriculture

The Impact of RTAs on trade in agricultural products

The Impact of RTAs on Chilean fruit exports

Design and implementation of food-import related regulations: Experiences from some RTAs

RTAs: Treatment of agriculture 

 

Technical Barriers to Trade

Bilateral and RTAs and technical barriers to trade: An African perspective

Do bilateral and regional approaches for reducing technical barriers to trade converge towards the multilateral trading system?

Trade Faciliation, Customs and Rules of Origin

The relationship between RTAs and the multilateral trading system:

  - Trade facilitation

  - Rules of origin

 

Transparency

Multilateralising regionalism: Strengthening transparency disciplines in trade

Quantitative evidence on transparency in RTAs

Government Procurement

Multilateralising regionalism on government procurement

   

 Contact:  For more information about OECD work on Regional Trade Agreements, contact Iza Lejárraga, Economist, OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate: iza.lejarraga@oecd.org.


 Bookmark this page: www.oecd.org/trade/rta

 

 

 

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