Benefits of trade liberalisation

Regionalism and the Multilateral Trading System


Regional and bilateral agreements are growing rapidly in number. The nature of rules to cover them is a topic of the Doha Development Agenda. The OECD is analysing the relationship between regional trade agreements (RTAs) and the multilateral system, as well as the implications for business of the growth of regionalism. Read more ...



Regionalism and the Multilateral Trading System

An analytical framework for assessing and managing the relationship between regional agreements and the world multilateral trading system. Regional trade agreements (RTAs) are increasingly portrayed as a threat to the free global exchange of goods and services.


This book provides WTO members with an analytical framework for assessing and managing the relationship between regionalism and the world multilateral trading system.



Trade impacts of selected regional trade agreements in agriculture

This paper provides an in-depth examination of the trade effects of three regional trade agreements (RTAs) in the agricultural sector: the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (AFTA), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the Southern Cone Common Market (MERCOSUR).


Do Bilateral and Regional Approaches for Reducing Technical Barriers to Trade Converge Towards the Multilateral Trading System?

This paper examines provisions regarding “technical barriers to trade” in selected bilateral and regional trade agreements and reviews to what extent such provisions go beyond the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade.


The interaction between investment and services chapters in selected regional trade agreements

This report analyses the interactions between the investment and services chapters of 20 regional trade agreements; identifies four major types of interaction and then looks at the implications for levels of investment protection and liberalisation.


Regional trade agreements and environment

This report provides an overview of approaches to environmental issues in regional trade agreements and summarises countries' experience in the negotiation and implementation of relevant provisions.


South-South trade in goods

The empirical analysis presented in this paper indicates that trade between developing countries (South-South trade) offers a wide scope for specialisation and efficiency gains.


South-South services trade

This paper contributes to the debate on the development potential of South-South trade in services. It represents the first attempt to identify key features governing the South-South dimension of services.


Policy Brief: South-south trade: Vital for development

The most effective way to make trade work for development and poverty reduction is for countries to agree on much improved market access under the Doha round of talks at the World Trade Organization (WTO).


Competition provisions in regional trade agreements

This study provides a taxonomy of the types of competition-related provisions contained in selected regional trade agreements. It describes different types of provisions addressing, inter alia, co-operation and coordination among competition agencies, anticompetitive behaviour, dispute settlement, and special and differential treatment.


The treatment of agriculture in regional trade agreements (RTAs)

OECD has recently completed a study on the treatment of agriculture in regional trade agreements. In addition, work is under way examining the treatment in RTAs of investment, competition and the environment, as well as a study of the treatment of asymmetries at the regional level.




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