Working Papers


  • 27-June-2011

    English

    Intra-Firm Trade: Patterns, Determinants and Policy Implications

    Offshoring by OECD-based multinationals is mainly carried out in other OECD economies and often in high-cost countries, for high-value, knowledge-intensive activities. Developing economies must try to attract these types of activities and not be confined to low-value activities.

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  • 19-April-2011

    English

    Trade and Innovation: Pharmaceuticals

    Emerging economies are increasingly important in the pharmaceutical sector as markets and as research and development (R&D) participants. Further involvement by these economies in international trade facilitating measures will help trade, innovation and globalisation of R&D.

  • 12-April-2011

    English

    The Role of Factor Content in Trade

    Technology, lower transport costs and trade in intermediate inputs and tasks have given countries access to additional labour and capital than what is just available within their borders. Policy makers should focus on these changing dynamics in resource bases.

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  • 7-April-2011

    English

    Dynamic Gains from Trade: The Role of Intermediate Inputs and Equipment Imports

    Access to international trade in intermediate inputs boosts innovation and productivity for domestic firms, according to this study. However, these dynamic gains from trade depend on complementary policies such as access to finance, access to skilled labour and macroeconomic stability.

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  • 2-February-2011

    English

    The Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Jobs and Growth

    A 50% reduction of trade barriers by G20 economies, complemented by active labour and adjustment policies, could generate more jobs, higher real wages and increased exports, according to new OECD analysis. (OECD Trade Policy Working Paper no. 107)

  • 1-February-2011

    English

    OECD Trade Policy Working Papers

    Consult our series of studies, free to access and download, on issues including trade liberalisation, trade restrictions, trade in services and the Aid for Trade initiative with developing countries.

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  • 29-September-2010

    English

    Trade and Innovation: Report on the Chemicals Sector

    The chemicals sector has a long history of innovation and is a large trading item. This paper analyses and compares different trade and innovation linkages in basic industrial chemicals, specialty and fine chemicals and consumer chemicals.

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  • 19-July-2010

    English

    Recent Trends in Export Restrictions

    Export restrictions on raw materials, including commodities like metals and minerals, are not always effective in meeting policy objectives and should be subject to greater transparency, says this OECD study of recent trends in these measures.

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  • 28-June-2010

    English

    Multilateralising Regionalism: The Case of E-Commerce

    This study analyses the extent to which e-commerce provisions in existing regional trade agreements (RTAs) can be multilateralised, and proposes two broad approaches for doing so.

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  • 18-June-2010

    English, , 488kb

    International Standards and Trade - A Review of the Empirical Literature

    How do international standards affect international trade? This paper surveys empirical studies investigating this relationship, focusing on econometric studies.

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