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English, , 280kb
Chile has made important progress in raising incomes and reducing poverty. Real per capita incomes have more than doubled since the restoration of democracy in 1990, and the incidence of poverty (as measured by the cost of two basic food baskets) has fallen by nearly two-thirds, from 38.6% of the population in 1990 to 13.7% in 2006. Over the same period extreme poverty, as measured by the cost of one basic food basket, has been almost
This Review of Agricultural Policies: Chile measures the level and composition of support provided to Chilean agriculture, evaluates the effectiveness of current measures in attaining their objectives, and suggests ways in which the performance of policies might be enhanced.
Support to farmers in OECD countries accounted for 27% of farm receipts in 2006, a drop of 2 percentage points from 2005. However, for the OECD as a whole, there has been little change in the level of producer support since the late 1990s.
English, , 237kb
Agricultural policies, like all government policy, incur transaction costs – the cost of designing, implementing and evaluating the measure involved. Making this process more efficient and reducing these costs can help ensure that governments are getting the best value for money in implementing these policies.Analysts have long considered transaction costs when trying to make social, environmental and development assistance policies
Presentations and other documents from the Global Forum on Agriculture held in Rome on 12-13 November 2007
Building on the path-breaking work Multifunctionality: Towards an Analytical Framework, this report takes the subject a step further. It attempts to guide policy-makers to the best possible decisions taking account of the multifunctional character ...
These highlights contain extracts from the 2007 edition of the report, Agricultural Policies in Non OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2007.
OECD Regional Meeting on Agricultural Policy Reform, 24-26 September 2007, Bucharest, Romania
This report analyses the effects of Mexico’s ambitious reforms to agricultural and fisheries policies since 1990 and makes recommendations for further reforms.
English, , 193kb
A traditional objective of agricultural support policy was to increase production or maintain it at a certain level. Consequently, almost all policies were closely linked to production. Tariffs, export subsidies and other methods were used to support market prices, farmers were given direct payments for boosting production and governments subsidised items such as fertilisers.Since the mid-1980s there has been a move away from these