No untargeted agricultural policy intervention is pro-poor within the rural economy, says this study of farm households in Bangladesh, Ghana, Guatemala, Malawi, Nicaragua and Vietnam using the new Development Policy Evaluation Model (DEVPEM).
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Agricultural risk management policies should focus on catastrophic risks, according to this overview. Managing normal risk should be the preserve of farmers themselves, not of government policy.
European support to farm incomes has decreased substantially over the past 20 years, according to this report. Farmers earned 22% of total annual receipts from government support over the 2008-10 period, down from 39% annually over the 1986-88 period.
Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 18% of total farm receipts in 2010, a record low linked to high commodity prices, but has been rising in large emerging economies, according to a new OECD report.
After an increase in 2009, producer support in the OECD area declined in 2010, confirming the downward trend in support to farmers. The trend in emerging economies shows some increase in the level of support, although it stays well below the OECD average.
Turkey could boost its competitiveness in agriculture by renewing efforts to decouple farm support from production while continuing with institutional reforms, according to this report. These policy steps will also prepare Turkey for possible future European Union membership.
Is agriculture more important than other sources of earned income in reducing poverty? Which government policy actions have contributed most? This study compares socio-economic characteristics of twenty-five countries that have made exceptional progress in reducing poverty.
A technical note describing the data source and analytical methods used to measure risk exposure at farm level; the stochastic simulation model to analyze farm behaviour and policy performance under risk; and cluster analysis to select representative farms for model calibration.
What are the implications of risk management for agricultural policy? Drawing on OECD case studies and workshops, this book looks at management principles and guidelines for policy design in agriculture, as well as quantitative analysis of risk.
Over the coming decade, higher food prices and volatility in commodity markets are here to stay. This raises concerns for economic stability and food security in some developing countries, with poor consumers most at risk of malnutrition, said OECD Secretary-General.