How can government policies move towards increasing agricultural innovation and improving productivity? This OECD conference shared case studies and ideas from Europe, China, United States, India, Africa, Brazil, Australia and New Zealand.
To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.
Ensuring stronger productivity growth is essential in responding to increased demand for agricultural products. This report looks at developments in productivity and competitiveness in the agricultural and food processing sectors, focusing on research and development (R&D).
No untargeted agricultural policy intervention is pro-poor within the rural economy, says this study of farm households in Bangladesh, Ghana, Guatemala, Malawi, Nicaragua and Vietnam using the new Development Policy Evaluation Model (DEVPEM).
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Agricultural risk management policies should focus on catastrophic risks, according to this overview. Managing normal risk should be the preserve of farmers themselves, not of government policy.
European support to farm incomes has decreased substantially over the past 20 years, according to this report. Farmers earned 22% of total annual receipts from government support over the 2008-10 period, down from 39% annually over the 1986-88 period.
Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 18% of total farm receipts in 2010, a record low linked to high commodity prices, but has been rising in large emerging economies, according to a new OECD report.
After an increase in 2009, producer support in the OECD area declined in 2010, confirming the downward trend in support to farmers. The trend in emerging economies shows some increase in the level of support, although it stays well below the OECD average.
Turkey could boost its competitiveness in agriculture by renewing efforts to decouple farm support from production while continuing with institutional reforms, according to this report. These policy steps will also prepare Turkey for possible future European Union membership.
Is agriculture more important than other sources of earned income in reducing poverty? Which government policy actions have contributed most? This study compares socio-economic characteristics of twenty-five countries that have made exceptional progress in reducing poverty.