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How do small farms in developing countries manage risk? This paper assesses farm-level agricultural risk management strategies in Brazil, China and Viet Nam. Farmers in developing countries often rely on community strategies such as crop sharing, or deplete their assets and so perpetuate poverty. Policies to promote investment, such as access to credit and insurance, can help smallholders move out of poverty or into the non-farm sector.
Large farm size, low age profile, high educational level and use of financial leverage are factors in high economic performance of farms, according to this analysis of data from nine OECD countries and regions. The analysis shows significant differences in farm economic performances within countries as well as across countries.
Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.
Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to this report.
Demand for food and feed is increasing worldwide, and there is greater pressure on land, water and biodiversity. Agriculture policymakers face the challenge of increasing innovation, improving agricultural productivity growth and make more efficient use of available natural resources. In this interview for EuroChoices, OECD Trade and Agriculture Director Ken Ash explains the role that innovation will play in the future of food.
Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to this report.
Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.
Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.
This overview of the management of risk due to livestock diseases focuses on government policies relating to livestock health systems and compensation scheme designs, and includes case studies of Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands and Viet Nam.
This paper reviews the scientific literature on the impacts of climate change on yield variance and investigates their implications for the demand of crop insurance and effectiveness of different farm strategies and policy measures using crop farm data in Australia, Canada and Spain.