Agricultural policies and support

OECD Conference on Agricultural Knowledge Systems (AKS), Paris, 15-17 June 2011


OECD Conference on Agricultural Knowledge Systems (AKS)
Responding to Global Food Security and Climate Change Challenges

15-17 June 2011, OECD Conference Centre, Paris


Hotels, transport and practical information
List of participants
Summary Record of the Conference/Compte rendu de la conférence

Papers and presentations from the conference will be posted on this site as they become available.
Please note that French/ English interpretation will be available during the whole conference.


This conference is organised in cooperation with the OECD Co-operative Research Programme (CRP). For more information on this programme, Research Programme on Biological Resources in Agriculture and read their recent publication, Challenges for Agricultural Research.


As background information, please see government responses to a questionnaire on the organisation, objectives and outcomes of national Agricultural Knowledge Systems
As background information for this conference, please see government responses to a questionnaire on the organisation, objectives and outcomes of national Agricultural Knowledge Systems.


Fostering Productivity and Competitiveness in Agriculture

This report looks at developments in productivity and competitiveness in the agricultural and food processing sectors, focusing on research and development (R&D).


Improving Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation Systems

OECD Conference Proceedings


Wednesday 15 June 2011


Session 1. Context and purpose of the Conference


This conference will explore how to foster the development and adoption of innovation at national and global level in order to meet global food security and climate change challenges. It will look at developments in AKS institutions and relationships between the different components at national and international level, discuss whether they are functioning and are responsive to emerging issues. The conference will also review incentives and disincentives to both public and private activities in the AKS, and will look at policy coherence and best practices.

Presentation of the OECD Co-operation Research Project by Dr. Leena Finér, Finnish Forest Research Institute, CRP Theme co-ordinator. [PPT]


Session 2. How well do AKS respond to new challenges?


Chair: Yvon Martel, Chief Scientist, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

Question : How do AKS function and respond to new challenges?

Keynote speakers:

  • Julian Alston, UC Davis, United States, "Global and U.S. trends in agricultural R&D in a global food security setting". [abstract] [PPT]
  • Krijn Poppe, Chief Science Officer at Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation, the Netherlands, "Agriculture knowledge and innovation systems in transition-findings from the EU SCAR Collaborative Working Group on AKIS". [abstract] [PPT]
  • Allen Grant, executive manager, Agricultural productivity division, DAFF, Australia, "Australia's approach to rural research, development and extension". [abstract] [PPT]
    Ruifa Hu, School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, China, "China's agricultural innovation system:  issues and reform". [abstract] [PPT]
  • Gert-Jan Stads, Program coordinator of the Agricultural Science & Technology Indicators (ASTI) initiative at the Rome office of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), "Agricultural Research and Development in Africa : Investment, Human Capacity and Policy constraints". [abstarct] [PPT]

Discussant: Leticia Deschamps, Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), [PPT]


Session 3. Improving the responsiveness of AKS


How can the functioning of AKS, the coherence between the different components and the responsiveness of the whole system to food security and climate change challenges be improved?


Session 3. A. Institutional Framework

ChairJames Fraser Muir, International development and research advisor and evaluator, Professor Emeritus, University of Stirling, Scotland, United Kingdom.

Question: How to strengthen linkages between components and dimensions of AKS (education, R&D, extension; public, private and other institutional sectors; national/regional/ international levels, along the food chain; technological/institutional and marketing innovations)? And improve coherence in the whole system?


Keynote speakers:

  • Lloyd Le Page, Chief Executive Officer of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), " Institutionnal Framework:  Experience with CGIAR reorganisation". [PPT]
  • Karla Falloon, New Zealand's Science and Innovation Counsellor in Brussels, "Institutional reforms of AKS in new Zealand and International Networks in AKS".  [abstract] [PPT]
  • V. Venkatasubramanian, Assistant Director General in India Council of Agricultural Research, India, "Innovative institutional approaches for agricultural knowledge system managment in India". [abstract] [PPT]
  • José Abellan, Deputy Director for Information and publications, Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs,  and Jaume Sió, Deputy-Director, Government of Catalonia, Spain, "Transmission of agricultural knowledge:  from agricultural extension to "Internet platforms". [abstract] [PPT]
    Pascal Bergeret, DGER, MAAPRAT, France, "Responses of the French AKS to new challenges", [abstract] [PPT]


Thursday 16 June 2011



Session 3.B. Public/private roles


ChairEva Blanco Medio, Agricultural councellor, Permanent Delegation of Spain to the OECD.

Question:  How to strengthen complementaries between private and public sector?

Keynote speakers:

  • Richard Gray, University of Sakatchewan, Canada, " IPRs and the role public and levy funded research : Some Lessons from International Experience". [abstract] [PPT]
  • Phil O'Reilly, CEO of BusinessNZ, New Zealand, "Public-Private Roles". [abstract] [PPT]
  • Andy Hall, UNU-MERIT, Netherlands, "Partnerships in agricultural innovation systems". [abstract] [PPT]

    Discussant : Laurens Klekx, Communication and Innovation Studies Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands. [PPT]


Session 3.C. Regulatory framework conducive to innovation


ChairNordine Cheikh, Director, Regulatory Sciences, Mosanto Company.

Question:  What are the best practices regarding regulations about Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and authorisation of innovations?

Keynote speakers:

  • Niall Gerlitz, EU Commission, Directorate General for Health and Consumer Policy, "EU system for health and consumer Policy". [abstract] [PPT]
  • Michael Schechtman, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, "The US approach for foresting new biological technologies and assuring their safety". [PPT]
  • Hans Dons, Managment Studies Group, Wageningen University, The Netherlands"Breeding business:  Plant Breeder's Rights and Patent Rights in the Plant Breeding Business". [PPT]

    Discussant: Dominic Muyldermans, Senior Legal Consultant to CropLife International [PPT]

Session 3.D. Facilitating adoption of innovations and technology transfers


ChairEija Pehu, World Bank

Question:  How to encourage innovations that are needed? How to facilitate adaptation and adoption? How to reduce the gap between demand and need?

Keynote speakers:

  • Masa Iwanaga, President, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), "Participatory plant breeding:  a successful example of local technology innovation and adoption by combining knowledge of traditional farmers ans modern scientists" [abstract] [PPT]
  • Matthew McMahon, Consultant, "Latin America - Public Agricultural Advisory Services". [abstract] [PPT]
    Julian B. Jaftha
    , Director, Genetic Resources, Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, South Africa, "Technology transfer in South Africa".
  • Jaco Minaar, South Africa, "Farmer's experience with biotech crops"". [PPT]
  • Mauricio Lopes, R&D Executive Director, EMBRAPA, Brazil, "Agricultural innovation and challenges in promotion of knowledge and information flows in agrifood systems in Brazil". [abstract] [PPT]


Discussants: John Preissing, Senior Officer for Extension systemms at the Research and Extension branch of FAO (OEKR) and Thomas Schäfer, Senior Director, Innovation Office, Novozymes.



Friday 17 June 2011


Session 4. Responding to broader policy objectives


"Recap of somes issues raised in the meeting and the policy agenda for OECD countries" : David Blandford, The Pennsylvania State Universtity, United States [PPT]


Panel discussion:  How to improve the coherence of AKS with broader policy objectives? What incentives need to be put in place and disincentives removed?

Panel members:

  • Marion Zalay, Director DGER, MAAPRAT, France
  • Herman Eijsackers, Wageningen University, Netherlands
  • Pierre Bascou, DG-AGRI, EU Commission
  • Masaru Iwanaga JIRCAS, Japan
    Roger Beachy, United States, Washington University, Saint Louis 
  • Dr. Kasdi Subagyono, Director Indonesian Center for Agricultural Technology Assessment and Development (ICATAD), Indonesia [PPT]
  • Christophe Terrain, farmer, FNSEA administrator and president of ARVALIS, crop institute, France

Concluding remarks by OECD: Implications for OECD work



For more information, contact Catherine Moreddu ( or Marina Giacalone ( of the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate.


<< Back to Innovation systems in agricultur>




Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Topics list