Analysis in this tenth edition of Agricultural Policies in Transition Economies: Trends in Policies and Support demonstrates that the transition has brought about a notable overall reduction in the policy distortions in the agricultural sectors of the countries covered. This has facilitated the gradual convergence of their domestic agricultural prices with world prices. In most central and eastern European countries, support to producers remains lower than in OECD and EU countries and well below pre-transition levels. The burden of support is, however, often greater on the economies of transition countries given the importance of the agricultural sector in these countries.
Developments in the meat market dominated shifts in producer support in 2001. Central and eastern European and Russian livestock producers reaped benefits from temporary bans on EU imports related to the concerns over BSE and outbreaks of foot and mouth disease. But considerable structural changes are required for the agro-food sectors in these countries to become truly competitive. For the central and eastern European countries, the process of accession to the European Union provides important stimulus for the necessary structural and quality adjustments. For Russia, the process of WTO accession can provide similar incentives for reform.
The reader will find these and other key agricultural policy issues facing Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Russia, and Slovenia analysed in this report, supported by the relevant statistic data.
It is an indispensable reference for policy-makers, analysts, researchers and all those who follow developments in the agricultural sectors of these countries.
This report is part of the OECD’s ongoing co-operation with non-member economies around the world.
Pages: 156 pp.
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Links to Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) sites