POLAND: ESTIMATES OF SUPPORT TO AGRICULTURE

Contact person: Hsin Huang

Email: hsin.huang@oecd.org

Tel :

(33-1) 45 24 95 28

Fax :

(33-1) 45 24 18 90

DEFINITIONS AND SOURCES

Country Total Support Estimate (TSE) and derived indicators in Table 1 cover all agricultural production, i.e. all agricultural commodities produced in the country. Definitions of basic data sets refer to the specific name of the programmes with specific sources indicated in square brackets. For the Producer Support Estimates (PSE) and Consumer Support Estimates (CSE), the description of policy measures indicates the commodities covered by the measures, as well as the method of allocation of the corresponding transfers among commodities.

Market Price Support (MPS) and Consumer Support Estimates (CSE) by commodity in Table 2 are only calculated for the following commodities: wheat, maize, barley, oats, rape seed, sugar, milk, beef and veal, sheep meat, wool, pig meat, poultry and eggs. Definitions are provided only for basic data sets from which all the other data sets in this table are derived, following the formula indicated in each commodity table. Specific sources are indicated in square brackets.

Producer Support Estimates (PSE) by commodity in Table 3 are calculated only for the commodities produced with common set of commodities (wheat, maize, barley, oats, rice, sorghum, soybeans, sunflower, rapeseed, sugar, milk, beef and veal, pigmeat, poultry meat, sheep meat, wool and eggs), provided that the value of production of that commodity exceeds 1 per cent of the total value of production in the country concerned. All data sets in the calculation of PSE by commodity come from Tables 1 and 2 where definitions are included.

Definitions of the indicators, criteria of classification of programmes included, and methods of calculation can be seen in OECD, Methodology for the measurement of support and use in policy evaluation [http://www.oecd.org/agr/policy].

 

Table 2. Market price support and consumer support estimate by commodity

Definitions:

I. Level of production

Cereals and rape seed: Total usable production of grain or rape seed (farm balance sheet), crop year. Production of oats includes "mixed grains"[1].

Sugar: Total usable production of white sugar, processing season, and total production of sugar beet used to produce white sugar, crop year [1].

Milk: Total production of whole milk (raw milk) from cows at farm level, excluding suckled milk, calendar year [1].

Meats: Total indigenous production, carcass weight, calendar year [1].

Eggs: Total number of eggs in shell, calendar year [1], divided by 18.188, the number of eggs per kilo.

II. Producer prices

Cereals and rape seed: Weighted average of procurement and free market prices (at farm gate) for all qualities of grain or rape seed, calendar year [2].

Sugar: Weighted average of procurement and free market prices (at farm gate) for sugar beet (actual sugar content) at farm gate, expressed in white sugar equivalent by multiplying it by the sugar to beet coefficient, calendar year [2].

Milk: Weighted average of procurement and free market price (at farm gate) of deliveries of raw cow milk (actual natural-fat content), calendar year [2].

Meats: Weighted average of procurement and free market prices (at farm gate) for all classes of live animals (hens and chickens for poultry meat), live weight, calendar year, converted to carcass equivalent by multiplying it by the ratio between volume of production in carcass and live weight [2].

Eggs: Weighted average of procurement and free market prices (at farm gate) for one egg, calendar year [2], divided by 18.188, the number of eggs per kilo.

IV. Level of consumption

Cereal, rape seed, and sugar: Total domestic use of grains, rape seed or white sugar, crop year [1].

Milk: Total domestic use of drinking milk plus total domestic use of butter (multiplied by 22), processed cheese ( multiplied by 11), whole milk powder (multiplied by 8.9), and casein (multiplied by 36) in milk equivalent, calendar year [1].

Meats: Total domestic use of meat, carcass weight, calendar year [1].

Eggs: Total domestic use of eggs, calendar year [1].

VII. Reference prices

Common wheat, maize and barley: Unit value of imports from hard currency regions, calendar year [3].

Oats, rape seed and white sugar: Unit value of exports to hard currency regions, calendar year [3].

Milk:

Previous calculation (1986-1994) Farm gate price of milk, calendar year, actual fat content (x%) in New Zealand, plus transport cost for butter and skimmed milk powder in milk equivalent (56kg and 82 kg per tonne of milk, respectively) from New Zealand to the United Kingdom (Pnz), adjusted to fat content (y%) in Poland [4], the reference price being (Pnz)*[ (x%)+(y%)] /2*(x%).

Revised calculation (1995-2003) Border prices of butter and SMP converted into a milk equivalent border price using technical coefficients minus a processing margin, calendar year. The border price of butter is the f.o.b. export price, 82.5% butterfat [3], and the border price of SMP is Non fat dry milk f.o.b. export price [3]. The processing margin is calculated as the difference between the domestic wholesale price (domestic wholesale prices of butter [3] and SMP [1] converted into milk equivalent price using technical coefficients) and the producer price.

Beef and veal: Hungarian export unit value for carcasses [5] minus handling and processing costs to convert to carcass equivalent at farmgate. From 1998, Hungarian export unit value for live cattle for slaughtering converted by coefficient 0.56 in carcass equivalent at farmgate.

Pig meat: Unit export value in extra-EU trade of meat of swine, fresh, chilled or frozen (Code 0122, SITC Rev3) less exports to Japan, in carcass weight equivalent, calendar year [6] minus handling and processing costs to convert to carcass equivalent at farmgate.

Poultry meat: Unit export value in extra-EU trade of 70 per cent chickens, frozen, (NIMEXE Code 020203 and, since 1989, weighted average of NC 02071015 and NC 02072110 of external trade statistics), calendar year [6] minus handling and processing costs to convert to carcass equivalent at farmgate.

Sheep meat: Unit value of exports of live animals for slaughter to hard currency regions, converted into carcass equivalent, calendar year [3].

Eggs: Unit export value in extra-EU trade of poultry eggs in shell, fresh or preserved, excluding eggs for hatching (code NIMEXE 040514 and since 1988 NC 04070030 of external trade statistics), calendar year [6], minus handling and processing costs.

Sources:

[1] GUS, Statistical Yearbook. Central Statistical Office. Warsaw, various years; and MAFE, Commodity Market Reports. Ministry of Agriculture and Food Economy, Institute of Agriculture and Food Economy, Warsaw, various issues.

[2] GUS, Marketed Agricultural Production and Agricultural Inputs. Central Statistical Office. Warsaw, various issues; and GUS, Price changes. Central Statistical Office. Warsaw, various years.

[3] GUS, Statistical Yearbook of Foreign Trade. Central Statistical Office. Warsaw, various years.

[4] Data provided by New Zealand authorities.

[5] Hungarian trade statistics.

[6] See various sources in EU cookbook