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Sweden had the 9th highest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2016. The country occupied the same position in 2015. The average single worker in Sweden faced a tax wedge of 42.8% in 2016 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.
These country specific notes provide figures and commentary from the Taxation and Skills publication that examines how tax policy can encourage skills development in OECD countries.
The northern sparsely populated areas (NSPA) of Finland, Norway and Sweden are becoming increasingly important to the geopolitical and economic interests of these countries and the European Union. These regions have unique geographical characteristics - low population density and a harsh climate - and face specific challenges due to an ageing population, long distances from markets, and high-cost land transport. However, high productivity growth is possible in low-density regions. This report sets out policy recommendations at cross-border, national and regional scales to enhance prosperity and well-being across the NSPA. This includes closer co-operation with national governments to address shared challenges and opportunities such as improving east-west transport connections and reducing occupational and skills barriers to labour mobility, and addressing barriers to business growth such as access to finance.
Sweden has long given priority to promoting both sustainable economic growth in its regions and equity among them. This report looks at the progress Sweden has made in its regional growth policy, multi-level governance system and rural policy. It also takes a more in-depth look at two topics of increasing importance: whether rural Sweden has been “left behind”, and issues of regional and municipal governance. The report suggests steps Sweden can take to address its regional and rural policy challenges. It also assesses to what degree Sweden has implemented the recommendations made in the 2010 OECD Territorial Review of Sweden.
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Sweden has long championed efforts to promote policy coherence and it recognises the importance of identifying and analysing critical interactions among the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for greater impact globally and encourages the consideration of transboundary and intergenerational policy effects.
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Sweden’s government has reinvigorated the country’s long standing commitment to gender budgeting, taking into account the effects on gender equality when making decisions on the direction and distribution of resources and work is under way to strengthen gender-responsive budgeting efforts.
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The national unemployment rate in Sweden has fallen to less than 7%, but this aggregate number hides important regional disparities which are partly due to inadequate or mismatched skills. To reduce these imbalances, Sweden needs to enhance the engagement of employers at the local level, strengthen regional skills planning, and inject more flexibility in the management of employment and skills policies.
The Swedish economy is growing strongly, with unemployment trending downward and living standards among the highest in the world. Maintaining today’s high levels of well-being and addressing new challenges will require further actions to ensure inclusive, resilient and green growth for all, according to a new report from the OECD.
Sweden weathered the global financial and economic crisis with limited damage. With GDP growing at a rate of over 3% in 2016 despite sluggish global demand, Sweden is outpacing major advanced economies, including Germany and the United States, as well as its Nordic neighbours.
Sweden, with its ambitious new climate policy legislative framework, complete with the goal to achieve zero net GHG emissions by 2045, and signpost goals for 2030 and 2040, is leading by example, building a truly “Fossil Free Sweden”, promoting growth, sustainability and inclusiveness all at once.