West Africa at the COP21
The West African region is mobilising to advocate the adoption of an ambitious and legally binding climate agreement based on the African common position adopted by the African group of negotiators. Environment Ministers from member states of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA), the Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS) and the West African Development Bank (BOAD) approved a Joint Statement on 7 November in Dakar. They strongly reaffirm "the great climate vulnerability of ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS countries and consequently the need to mobilise funding within the framework of the commitment of USD 100 billion per year for the successful implementation of major initiatives such as the Great Green Wall, the African Renewable Energy Initiative and the Niger Basin Climate Resilience Investment Plan." The West African region has a dedicated information stand at the COP21 (Green Zone, Hall 3) and will also participate in a large number of side-events (see schedule of events). In order to showcase its contributions in the field of climate change, ECOWAS, UEMOA, CILSS and BOAD are jointly organising a side event which will be held on 2 December 2015. The session will close with a reading of the Declaration “Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR) – Sahel and West Africa: An essential contribution to strengthening capacity for climate change adaptation of the most vulnerable populations.” Within the framework of the Alliance, the SWAC Secretariat has prepared a booklet highlighting some key facts about climate, climate change and resilience.
English version - forthcoming
“Contributions of West Africa’s sub-regional institutions to climate change”
2 December 2015, Paris, Le Bourget, Blue Zone, Hall 4, Room 4, 3:00-4:30pm.
The event is jointly organised by ECOWAS, UEMOA, CILSS and BOAD.
In order to showcase its contributions in the field of climate change, ECOWAS, UEMOA, CILSS and BOAD are jointly organising a side event which will be held on 2 December 2015 from 3:00-4:30pm (Blue Zone, Hall 4, Room 4).
The participation of the leaders of these four institutions is confirmed:
- Mr Désiré Kadré Ouédraogo, ECOWAS Commission President
- Mr Cheikhe Hadjibou Soumaré, UEMOA Commission President
- Mr Djimé Adoum, CILSS Executive Secretary
- Mr Christian Adovèlande, BOAD President
They will share their vision and respective experience with climate change mitigation and adaptation in the Sahel and West Africa. Several Sahelian and West African Heads of State and government and their ministers in charge of environment are also expected to participate in the event.
The session will close with a reading of the Declaration “Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR) – Sahel and West Africa: An essential contribution to strengthening capacity for climate change adaptation of the most vulnerable populations.”
On 7 November 2015 in Dakar, Ministers in charge of environment endorsed the adoption of an ambitious and legally binding climate agreement, based on the African common position adopted by the group of African negotiators. Ministers represented member states of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA), the Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS).
Key points of their joint statement:
We are committed to:
- Defend the adoption of an ambitious and legally binding climate agreement in Paris covering mitigation, adaptation, losses and damages, financing, technology transfer, based on the African common position articulated by the group of African negotiators;
- Reaffirm the need for developed countries to fulfill their commitments under the Convention, in particular support to ensure full implementation of INDCs submitted by countries in the West African region;
- Reaffirm strongly the great climate vulnerability of ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS countries and consequently the need to mobilise funding within the framework of the annual USD 100 billion commitment for the successful implementation of major initiatives, such as the Great Green Wall, the African Renewable Energy Initiative and the Niger Basin Climate Resilience Investment Plan.
- Support the adoption in Paris of a target for adaptation finance to ensure parity between mitigation and adaptation when mobilising USD 100 billion per year by 2020;
- Request the creation of a transparency mechanism dedicated to monitoring the mobilisation of financial commitments;
- Request developed countries mobilise USD 100 billion, in the fulfillment of their promises made in Copenhagen and Cancun, to ensure capitalisation of the Green Climate Fund to adequately support the most vulnerable countries, especially Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Small Island Developing States and Africa.\
> read the Dakar Declaration
Planning processes have been undertaken at the local, national and regional levels. All West African countries that are part of the ECOWAS/UEMOA/CILSS area, have signed and ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Kyoto Protocol; Least Developed Countries (LDCs) in the region have developed National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs), in which priority and urgent actions on adaptation to climate change have been identified. In recent years, countries are engaged in the preparation of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) to also take into account the challenges of long-term adaptation. In the energy sector, ECOWAS has set ambitious targets as part of its Renewable Energy Policy. It notably aims “to increase the share of renewable energy in the overall electricity mix, including large hydro, to 35% by 2020 and to 48% by 2030."
- UEMOA's actions in the field of climate change adaptation (French)
- CILSS Special Magazine on Climate Change (French)
Almost all West African countries have submitted their "Intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) for COP21:
- Benin (French)
- Burkina Faso | French version
- Cape Verde
- Chad | French version
- Côte d’Ivoire (French)
- The Gambia
- Guinea | French version
- Mali (French)
- Mauritania (French)
- Niger | French version
- Senegal (French)
- Sierra Leone
- Togo | French version
Climate challenges also play an important role in the regional organisations’ political agenda. In June 2015, ECOWAS adopted a Framework for Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) in the Sahel and West Africa, as well as a dedicated Alliance. As the technical branch of ECOWAS with over 40 years of experience in the fight against desertification and climate change, CILSS and its Agrhymet Regional Centre co-ordinate the implementation of a growing number of regional and international initiatives:
- The Regional Sahel Pastoralism Support Project (PRAPS);
- The Global Water Coalition for the Sahel;
- The Sahel Irrigation Initiative Programme (SIIP); and
- The West Africa Component of the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA+).
Since December 2012, the region and its international partners have sealed a Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR), under the political leadership of ECOWAS and UEMOA. As a unifying framework for convergence of resilience initiatives, the Alliance offers an inter-generational contract; it brings hope for strengthening resilience of the most vulnerable populations and also undoubtedly contributes to the mitigation of climate change.
- Climate: Africa is part of the solution, Laurence Caramel, Le Monde Afrique, April 2015 (French)
- How to transform the Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture into a useful platform, José Tissier, Deputy head of Agriculture division for rural development and biodiversity, AFD, May 2015 (French)
- COP 21: an opportunity to change our development models and lifestyle, AFD, November 2015 (French)
- AfBD: L'Afrique et le climat : une opportunité pour s'adapter et prospérer, November 2015
- CILSS: Bulletin spécial du CILSS/Agrhymet
- UEMOA : Les actions de l’UEMOA en matière d’adaptation aux changements climatiques
- Stratégie africaine sur les changements climatiques, mai 2014
- L’Afrique face au changement climatique, Afrique Renouveau 2014
SWAC 2015 Forum: Climate change, adaptation and food security
- Climate and impacts on food security + background paper — Carlo BUONTEMPO, UK Met Office Hadley Centre
- Climate-smart agriculture to face climate change and variability in West Africa + background paper — Robert ZOUGMORÉ, CGIAR
- The importance of climate finance mechanisms for West Africa (French) + background paper (French) — Maguette KAÏRÉ, CILSS/AGRHYMET
- Africa in the COP21 climate negotiations — Estherine Lisinge FOTABONG, NEPAD Agency
- Traditional adaptation strategies in the Sahel: a focus on the livestock sector (French) + background slides (French) — Ibra TOURÉ, CIRAD
- Climate-smart agricultural experiences in Africa — Aslihan ARSLAN, FAO
- African Centre of Meteorological Application for Development, (ACMAD)
- ClimDev-Africa Gateway
- AfDB work on climate change
- OECD work on climate change
- OECD at #COP21
- Climate Funds Update | Data