Rural density, 2000: 59% of the West African population was rural.
Facts & Figures
- The West African rural population continues to grow simultaneously with rapid urbanisation, increasing from 66 million in 1950 to 172 million in 2010.
- The projected rural population for 2050 is 197 million.
- In 2010, 59% of the West African population was rural. While in the MENA region, 37% was rural, and in South Asia 69% was rural.
- Rural areas are becoming denser. The average distance between agglomerations (> 10 000 inh.) has been divided by three, falling from 111 km to 33 km between 1950 and 2000. Connections (roads, mobile communication) integrate rural areas into the market economy.
- Local diversified economies are more densely populated and well connected to cities. Urbanisation creates a growing market for agricultural production: upstream (inputs and services) and downstream (marketing and processing) economic activities support the development of small- and medium-sized towns and cities.
- Population density varies from more than 150 inh/km² to less than 2 inh/km². In 1960, 50% of the rural population was concentrated in less than 11% of the land area. In 2010, 15% of the rural population lived in high-density areas (> 150 inh/km² and 2% of the land area 4) in the urban catchment areas of cities with more than 50 000 inhabitants.
> presentation flyer
The Sahelian intersection
Mali crisis in 2012