Map of the Week

According to WHO Ebola statistics as of 29 December 2015, 28 637 people were infected with the Ebola virus (15 249 confirmed cases, 2 621 probable cases and 10 804 suspected cases), and 11 315 people died from the disease. In early January, after two years of battling Ebola, none of the three countries that were most affected by the Ebola epidemic (Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone) has had an active case of Ebola since mid-November 2015. But only one day after the WHO formally announced the end of the outbreak, a new Ebola case was confirmed in Sierra Leone on 15 January 2016. This illustrates that Ebola can re-emerge at any time, and it is crucial to continue building rapid response mechanisms and health infrastructure. Despite remaining shortcomings, the region is today better prepared to respond to Ebola. > download the map


 

Food and nutrition vulnerability analysis, based on the Cadre harmonisé (Harmonised Framework), reveals that about 8.1 million people are facing a crisis situation during the period from October to December 2015, including 5 million people in northern Nigeria due to the poor security situation. Nearly 910 000 people in Chad, Mali, Niger and northern Nigeria currently find themselves in an emergency situation. During the next lean period from June to August 2016, it is estimated that about 10.8 million people could face crisis-level food insecurity, and some 980 000 people an emergency situation, if appropriate measures are not implemented. The Cadre harmonisé was for the first time applied to all 17 Sahelian and West African countries. > download the map


To date northern Mali has only one paved road crossing a very small portion of the south of Timbuktu and Gao regions: National 16 connecting Mopti and Gao. The journey along the river between Gao and Timbuktu (424 km) can be done in about ten hours if traveling in an all-terrain vehicle. Trade between the two regional capitals is difficult. In most cases, heavy vehicles are forced to pass much farther to the south by Douentza taking National route 16 (370 km) and then return to Goudam and Timbuktu on 200 km of trails and roads in poor condition; the trip takes an entire day. To open up the northern regions and better connect Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu to each other, the Malian government is planning, as part of its Specific strategy for the development of the northern regions, to implement an ambitious road construction project, designed especially to connect Timbuktu and Bamako but also to link Timbuktu and Gao with Kidal. The construction of these infrastructures would serve as the “missing link” between the economic areas of the south and the north of the Sahara. > download the map

 

The West Africa region leads the continent in progress toward reducing the number of people suffering from hunger and malnutrition. Despite rapid population growth across the region and recurrent droughts in the Sahel, West Africa has reduced the prevalence of undernourishment by 60% over the last two decades, from 24.2% in 1990-92 to 9.6% in 2014-16. Ghana and Mali have achieved both the Millennium Development Goal target of cutting in half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger and the World Food Summit target of halving the absolute number of undernourished people by 2015. According to the FAO, the stark difference between Western Africa and other sub-regions may reside in advances in implementing the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) with the Regional Agricultural Policy, Environmental Policy, Water Resource Policy, and Regional Investment Plan through several regional and national programmes and projects. West African regional organisations (ECOWAS, UEMOA, CILSS) have invested extensively in building regional institutions and human capacities for agricultural development in the sub-region, particularly with respect to food security monitoring and risk mitigation. The Food Crisis Prevention Network  (RPCA), co-managed by CILSS and SWAC, has become the region’s reference platform for dialogue on food and nutrition security under the political leadership of ECOWAS and UEMOA. > download the map


  Drawing on data produced within WAF 2011-12: Settlement, Market & Food Security, this interactive tool allows users to map, graph and compare 40 indicators for 17 West African countries and eight sub-regional groupings.‌ 

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