Map of the Week




10 April 2015 

On 28-29 March 2015, Africa’s most populous country and number 1 economy organises peaceful elections, which were internationally recognised as “free and fair” and led to the first democratic transition in Nigeria’s history. The election results seem to show that the role of ethnic, religious and geographic factors is gradually shrinking. The 2015 results map indicating the winning parties by state illustrates that the North-South divide is less marked than in the 2011 elections when President Jonathan won with a comfortable majority against Buhari. These results must be nuanced and interpreted against the backdrop of a very low voter turnout (43.6%). The PDP results map reveals that even during the 2011 elections the presumed North-South divide appears to be less strong in reality. President Jonathan was able to gather wide support across the nation. He won between 30 to 50% of votes in six northern states, notably in the populous state of Kaduna where the PDP garnered the support of 1.19 million people (46.3% of votes). 

Similarly, this time, the same opposition candidate, Buhari attracted strong support from southern Nigerians. His newly formed All Progressives Congress party (APC) won in eight traditionally southern strongholds. The most striking example comes from the megacity Lagos where the PDP lost for the first time in its history. > Nigeria's presidential elections

Maps & Facts

Drawing on data produced within WAF 2011-12: Settlement, Market & Food Security, this interactive tool allows users to map, graph and compare 40 indicators for 17 West African countries and eight sub-regional groupings.

We publish every week a new map within our "Maps & Facts" series.


According to the UN, the Western Sahara is home to some 515 000 inhabitants in 2010, with a surface area of 266 000 km². While the area mainly consists of desert flatlands, its 1 200 km long coastline is one of the world’s richest fishing areas. Since the end of Spanish colonisation in 1975, Morocco has laid claim to this territory, the majority of which forms what Rabat calls its “southern provinces”. Algeria supports the Polisario Front, which declared the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) in 1976. While recognised as a member of the African Union, the SADR is for the UN a “non-self-governing territory”. It is today recognised by 39 countries including 12 African countries. However, no European country or member of the UN Security Council has recognised SADR’s sovereignty. > Western Sahara
  The pre-colonial kingdoms of the Sahel did not all exist at the same time. Yet they are all empires combining a sedentary “centre” with routes radiating outward. These routes and the agglomerations at their crossroads foreshadowed the region’s current spatial organisation. > Sahara-Sahel empires and their routes
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 © 2014 Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat : Mailing address : 2 rue André Pascal, 75775 Paris cedex 16, France;

Visiting address : SWAC/OECD - Le Seine Saint-Germain, 12 bd des Iles, bâtiment B, 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France - contact : swac.contact@oecd.org  

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