The Sahel and West Africa Club (SWAC) is a group of West African organisations, countries and international organisations.

The Club is the only international platform entirely dedicated to regional issues. Its mission is to help build more effective policies to improve peoples’ living conditions within this common and interdependent area composed of the 17 countries of ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS.

Based on dialogue and innovation, the Club facilitates co-ordination, conducts independent and forward-looking analysis, and devises guidelines and policy tools for Members and other stakeholders.

Some 70 stakeholders participate in the Club’s platform: governments of West African countries and of OECD member countries, regional organisations, professional associations and civil society groups, development partners and research centres.

Its Secretariat is based at the OECD, which provides critical access to global fora within which West Africa can make its voice heard.

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 At a glance

1973 Extreme drought in the Sahel; creation of the “Permanent Inter-State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel” (CILSS)
1976 Creation of the “Club du Sahel” at the initiative of CILSS and some OECD member countries aimed at mobilising the intern. community in support of the Sahel
1984  Another devastating drought; creation of the “Food Crisis Prevention Network” (RPCA) at the initiative of CILSS and the Club
1990 Adoption of the “Food Aid Charter” by Sahelian countries and DAC member countries
1994 Release of the West Africa Long-Term Perspective Study (WALTPS), “Preparing for the Future: a Vision of West Africa in the Year 2020”
1997 Adoption of the Banjul Memorandum by the Sahelian Heads of State and Government for more effective aid
2000 Creation of the Network of Farmers’ Organisations and Agricultural Producers of West Africa (ROPPA)
2001 Expansion of the Club’s geographic focus to all of West Africa (member countries of ECOWAS, UEMOA, CILSS) 
2005 Support for the elaboration of the ECOWAS Common Agricultural Policy (ECOWAP)
2006 Launch of the ECOWAS Cross-border Initiatives Programme (CIP), conceived on the basis of SWAC work
2007 Support for the ECOWAS Commission in drawing up its “Strategic Vision for 2020
2008 Support for the set-up of the ECOWAS Early-Warning and Response Network for Conflict Prevention (ECOWARN)
2008  Support for the elaboration of the ECOWAS “Common Approach on Migration
2008/09  Support for the ECOWAP “Regional Agricultural Investment Programme” (RAIP).
2009 Support in defining strategic guidelines for the development of the livestock sector within ECOWAS and UEMOA.
2011 Inception of the new Club; ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS joined the Club as full Members.
2011 Adoption of the “Charter for Food Crisis Prevention and Management”, which covers 17 West African countries
2011 G20 Africa Outreach Session on “Agricultural and Food Price Volatility: African Views and Perspectives
2012  Launch of the Global Alliance for Resilience (AGIR) - Sahel and West Africa
2014 Atlas on the Sahara-Sahelian areas

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Key values

Three key values - which are at the same time the Club's working methods - have been shaping the SWAC’s action for decades:

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2015-16 Programme of Work

The 2015–16 Programme of Work is predicated on two major areas of work in line with the SWAC mission and objectives:

  1. The first area, devoted to the governance of food and nutritional security, is permanent. It has been a paramount concern of the Club since its creation in 1976. The aim is to enhance regional governance of food security.
  2. The second area, which is a cycle of reflection on West African Futures, is recurrent as the theme of the reflection changes every two years.

Both of these areas of work are supported by a cross-cutting function dedicated to advocacy and communication.

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Origins and evolution 

The “Club du Sahel” was founded by Sahelian countries and OECD member countries in Dakar in 1976 to raise international support and awareness of the drought crises in the Sahel. For the first 25 years, the Club’s key mission was to provide support to the Permanent Inter-State Committee of Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS) and to mobilise support from the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) countries, which led to a significant increase in Official Development Assistance (ODA) to the Sahel region. It also facilitated the creation of the Food Crisis Prevention Network (RPCA) and the Network of Farmers’ Organisations and Agricultural Producers of West Africa (ROPPA). Following a large-scale consultation process facilitated by CILSS and SWAC, the Food Aid Charter was adopted in 1990, which outlined many of the principles that were later included in the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. West Africa is currently one of the most prepared regions for preventing and managing food crises.

In response to growing regional interdependence, the Club’s geographic focus was extended in 2001 to encompass all West African countries. The Club was consequently renamed the “Sahel and West Africa Club” (SWAC). While deepening its partnership with CILSS, it has also developed strong relationships with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA).

SWAC has contributed to strategic thinking and facilitated the development of various common regional strategies and policies, in particular in the fields of agriculture, cross-border co-operation, conflict prevention, climate change, livestock and migration. By promoting regional action, SWAC work has helped highlight that contemporary global challenges are all part of a puzzle of interdependent regional challenges.

In 2010, Club Members launched a deep reform process, which led to the approval of a new Mandate with a new governance structure and a redefined relationship with the OECD. As a result, ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS joined the Club as full Members in January 2011.

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A‌nne De Lattre, founder and Director of the "Club du Sahel" in 1976

 

"SWAC is the oldest initiative of solidarity and partnership between the OECD and Africa." 

 

SWAC Secretariat Directors

Anne de Lattre (1976-1988)

Jean-H. Guilmette (1988 -1993)

Roy A. Stacy (1993-1998)

Jacqueline Damon (1999-2003)

Normand Lauzon (2004-2009)

Laurent Bossard (since 2011)


Working regionally

"Globalisation is eroding national borders and creating increasingly fierce competition along regional lines in the world market. In response to this phenomenon, regional blocks are now being rapidly built across the world. West African countries, being part of one of the world’s poorest regions, have a vital interest in reinforcing their regional organisations, which would help them to cope better with globalisation and better defend their interests at the international level.

Joint action is also an efficient way to address development challenges such as food and humanitarian crises, disease, water resource management, electricity supply and transnational crime, which are often better tackled at the regional level. Intra-regional trade is a key driver for economic growth and poverty reduction, and a common market of some 300 million consumers attracts more investments than seventeen isolated national markets.

Though much remains to be done, West Africa is the most advanced African region in terms of regional co-operation, and a series of common policies and programmes are already in place in the fields of free movement of persons and goods (common external tariff), food crisis prevention and management, agriculture, livestock, energy supply, mining, etc.

It is necessary now more than ever to develop synergies and encourage further collaboration between West African regional organisations. This is the raison d’être of the Club, and we are strongly committed to pursuing this goal." by Laurent Bossard, SWAC Secretariat Director

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D‌jimé Adoum, CILSS Executive Secretary with Cheikhe Hadjibou Soumaré, UEMOA Commission president

“Africa has strongly embraced a regional integration approach to securing its development goals based on inter and intra-African partnerships and solidarity in the pursuit of common priorities. […] Strengthening the capacity of regional economic communities is a major prerequisite to achieving development effectiveness in Africa. The emerging global architecture will need to reflect the regional level.”

Extract from the “African Consensus and Position on Development Effectiveness”,
4th High-level Forum on Aid Effectiveness.


 Governance

The Strategy and Policy Group (SPG) brings together Club Members twice a year to define the Club’s work priorities and approve the programme of work and budget, as well as activity and financial reports. Members also ensure the Club’s smooth functioning through their financial contributions (minimum amount agreed upon by consensus) and designate the Club President. The position is currently held by François-Xavier de Donnea, Belgian Minister of State. T. Jean de Dieu Somda, former ECOWAS Commission Vice President, is the Special Representative of the President, responsible for promoting the Club on the international scene. Under the management structure of the OECD Global Relations Secretariat, the OECD-based SWAC Secretariat is in charge of implementing the work programme. It carries out analytical work, organises network and other meetings, and facilitates contact between stakeholders.

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"Built on equal governance between West African regional organisations and their partners, the Club is today a unique platform for dialogue within the international development landscape."


The Club and the OECD

The Club’s relationship with the OECD is defined in a Memorandum of Understanding. Its Secretariat is fully integrated into the OECD, under the management structure of the OECD Global Relations Secretariat. As an active member of the OECD Development Cluster (www.oecd.org/development) and other Africa-related initiatives (www.oecd.org/africa), the SWAC Secretariat facilitates exchanges between West Africa’s regional actors and OECD member countries.

Why the OECD? 

West Africa has created institutions such as ECOWAS, UEMOA and CILSS, with the political mandate of implementing a regional integration agenda. Working towards this goal, the region also needs to promote its interests at the global level and strengthen the voice of West Africa’s regional organisations in global policy debates. The Club provides an additional venue for better advocating West African issues and concerns. Benefitting from the OECD status as an international organisation, the SWAC Secretariat is well placed to rally an additional audience around the issue of West African regional integration. Its position within the OECD makes it a crucial bridge for dialogue and communication between OECD member countries and West Africa. While capitalizing on OECD expertise and resources relevant to West Africa, the SWAC Secretariat also uses its position within the OECD to promote West African initiatives as well as to enrich OECD debates with West African analyses and viewpoints. 

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Yaya Sow, ECOWAS Ambassador to the EU and the ACP group  

“Regional integration in West Africa does not need an additional institution in the region, but rather one that can advocate for it internationally and help make West Africa’s voice better heard in global debates.”



 © 2014 Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat : Mailing address : 2 rue André Pascal, 75775 Paris cedex 16, France;
Visiting address : SWAC/OECD - Le Seine Saint-Germain, 12 bd des Iles, bâtiment B, 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France - contact : swac.contact@oecd.org  

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