Short address for this page:
The Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) manages databases of internationally comparable statistics in these areas. These statistics and indicators underpin policy-related analytical work, particularly with respect to links between technology, competitiveness and globalisation. DSTI also plays a leading role in the development of international statistical standards in the STI area.
Measuring Patent Quality: Indicators of Technological and Economic Value
6 June 2013
The indicators proposed, which can be constructed on all patents, have the advantage of relying on a homogeneous set of information and of being comparable across countries and over time. To facilitate their compilation on data from other Intellectual Property (IP) offices, the SQL-based program codes used to calculate the indicators are also supplied.
OECD-WTO analysis highlights importance of services to global trade
29 May 2013
The latest data from the OECD/WTO Trade in Value-Added (TiVA) database increases the number of economies analysed and provides statistics over a longer timeframe than in the initial findings released in January 2013. They also reinforce how crucial imports are for an economy to be a successful exporter, and demonstrate the increasing pace of globalisation over the last two decades.
Main Science and Technology Indicators (MSTI) 2012/2 update
18 January 2013
MSTI is a timely set of indicators on S&T including resources devoted to R&D. The latest OECD estimates on gross expenditures on R&D (GERD) indicate that the modest recovery initiated in 2010 continued into 2011. For the whole OECD area, total R&D expenditures grew in real terms by 1.3% in 2010, mainly driven by the higher education and government sectors, while business R&D only increased by 0.5%.
Measuring trade in value added
16 January 2013
Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.
Mapping Careers and Mobility of Doctorate Holders: Draft Guidelines, Model Questionnaire and Indicators
10 January 2013
This working paper presents the new third edition of the Career of Doctorate Holders (CDH) project technical guidelines including methodological guidelines, a core model questionnaire and instruction manual, and the output tables used for reporting data at the international level and related definitions. It includes a number of basic adjustments and improvements in the wording of survey questions and new ways to measure competencies and skills of doctorate holders both at the time of their advanced research degree completion and in their current employment.
OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2012
21 December 2012
This new compendium presents a broad overview of recent and longer term trends in productivity levels and growth in OECD countries. It also highlights some of the key measurement issues faced when compiling cross-country comparable productivity indicators and describes the caveats needed in analyses.
Mixed Modes of Innovation - An Empiric Approach to Capturing Firms’ Innovation Behaviour
19 December 2012
This study uses exploratory data analysis techniques to develop typologies of innovation modes or strategies for groups of firms. Analysing micro-level survey data from 18 countries five innovation modes are identified. The coherence and relevance of the innovation modes is tested by using them as explanatory factors in equations explaining economic performance.
Conference on Patent Statistics for Decision Makers - Knowledge Assets and Economic Growth
Paris, 28-29 November 2012
The goal of this conference is to present the latest empirical evidence relying on patent statistics and to discuss findings with decision makers from both the private and public sector. It will aim to share frontier knowledge on topics relevant to policy-makers, academics, companies and pratictioners.
Conference on Knowledge Networks and Markets (KNMs)
Paris, 26-27 November 2012
This event will bring together researchers, policy makers and practitioners from business and public sector organisations to look at how KNMs function in different environments and contexts.
Defining and Measuring Investment in Organisational Capital: Using US Microdata to Develop a Task-based Approach
28 September 2012
This working paper seeks to quantify investment in organisational capital (OC) by looking at the task content of occupations. It relies on the literature suggesting OC to be embodied in a firm’s workforce and defines OC as those tasks performed by employees – irrespective of their occupational titles – likely to affect a firm’s medium to long-term functioning. Using US Occupational Information Network (O*NET) data, it operationalises the task-based definition and identifies 84 occupations, including 22 managerial occupations, performing OC-related tasks.
Final ICTNET Conference on the Economic Impact of ICT: Policy Drivers and Economic Evidence
Paris, 25-26 June 2012
This conference aimed to provide policy makers with evidence and tools to measure the economic impact of ICTs, assess the effectiveness of their current policies, and feed into the ICT policy agenda for the years to come.
Biotechnology in 12 indicators
12 June 2012
The June 2012 edition of the OECD's key biotechnology indicators brings together the latest available economic and activity data on biotechnology and innovation, collected by OECD member and non-member countries. It builds on the extensive work of the OECD and national experts to improve the comparability of biotechnology statistics.
STAN Database on Bilateral Trade in Goods by Industry and End-use Category (BTDIxE): revised version released
5 June 2012
In BTDIxE Revision 1, the time period covered is 1990-2010 or, for a few reporting countries, to 2011 (subject to the availability of underlying product-based annual trade statistics as of mid-May 2012). Trade flows are presented for 64 reporters, 67 partners, and are divided into 46 economic activities and 9 end-use categories including the three major categories: capital goods, intermediate inputs and household consumption.
Modes of Public Funding of Research and Development: Towards Internationally Comparable Indicators
24 May 2012
This paper presents the results of the data collection across 18 participating countries, demonstrating that it is possible to produce new policy relevant indicators on public funding of R&D in addition to those envisaged in the OECD Frascati Manual. The initial findings of the data collection highlight interesting differences across countries in terms of their approaches to funding R&D. But before conclusions can be drawn on the effectiveness of the different country funding profiles, further work is needed in order to increase the reliability and comparability of the different indicators.
Measuring the 'Broadband Bonus' in 30 OECD Countries
23 April 2012
This paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus. It finds that the economic value created in 30 OECD countries correlates roughly with the overall size of their broadband economies. In addition, price and quality data from the United States suggest that widespread adoption of broadband Internet has occurred without a dramatic decline in prices, which reflects an unobserved increase in broadband quality that conventional government statistics do not capture.
Measuring the Impact of Innovations in Public IT Infrastructure on the Standard of Living in OECD Economies
19 April 2012
This paper utilises an economic model that looks at the end result – observations on changes in the pattern of consumer spending behaviour – and econometrically estimates the extent of the link between these behavioural changes and their drivers: traditional economic stimuli as well as changes in the economic environment due to advances in technology and improved provision of public sector IT infrastructure.
Measuring the Internet: The Data Challenge
13 April 2012
Measuring the economic and social impacts of the Internet presents several challenges. This working paper reviews the rapidly changing nature of the Internet, the need for more granular data in order to understand its complexity, and the phenomenon of big data, which makes it possible to measure almost anything.
Statistics: OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise
15 March 2012
Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.
Frascati Manual: new annex available on measuring research and development (R&D) in developing countries
29 February 2012
Despite the Frascati Manual's widespread use, significant usage gaps remain, especially in Africa, Central and South Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. There is widespread interest in the nature and role of R&D in developing economies, raising questions on how it should be measured within the guidelines set out in the Frascati Manual. A new annex provides an initial attempt to address some of the most salient issues.
OECD and EPO continue co-operation on patent data
22 February 2012
With a view to furthering their co-operation on exploring the role of patents, the OECD has signed a memorandum of understanding with the European Patent Office (EPO) valid for the next three years. “Our collaboration has produced data that improves the international patent system and helps measure patent activity,” said OECD Deputy Secretary-General Richard Boucher.