Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015: interactive charts

 

This page displays the interactive version of a selection of the indicators contained in the OECD Science Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015.

Disruptive technologies | Researchers | Scientists mobility | R&D tax incentives | Online activities | Trade in value added 

Disruptive technologies

The United States, Japan and Korea are far in the lead in a new generation of "disruptive" technologies in advanced materials, health, and information and communication technology that have the potential to displace existing processes. Korea, in particular, has made great strides in these fields recently.

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Researchers by sector of employment

The business enterprise and the higher education sectors are the main employers of researchers. The business sector accounts for the bulk of researchers in more than half of countries reporting estimates, with a share above 65% in Israel, Japan, Korea and Sweden.

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International mobility and impact of scientific authors

The diffusion and circulation of scientific knowledge is aided by the mobility of scientists. Mobility patterns vary across economies; for example, in Italy and Israel, a majority of inflows are returnees, originally affiliated to an institution in the country. In Switzerland the majority of researchers with an international mobility record represented new inflows.
See more on the quality of scientific production 

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Direct government funding of business R&D and tax incentives for R&D

In addition to providing direct R&D support such as grants or contracts, many governments also incentivise firms’ R&D through tax relief measures. In 2015, 28 OECD countries gave preferential tax treatment to business R&D expenditures. Korea, the Russian Federation and France provided the most combined support for business R&D as a percentage of GDP in 2013, while the United States, France and China provided the largest volumes of tax support.
R&D tax incentives indicators

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Diffusion of online activities among internet users

The activities carried out over the Internet vary widely across countries, as a result of institutional, cultural or economic factors. By analysing the breadth of online activities it is possible to develop an indicator of user sophistication. In 2014, the majority of Internet users (87%) sent emails and searched for product information online (82%). The least common online activities among those considered were booking medical appointments (15%) and creation of online content (11%). Uptake of e-banking and online purchasing, activities associated with a certain level of user sophistication, are the ones for which uptake across countries varies the most.

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