The latest OECD estimates confirm the recovery of Gross domestic Expenditures on R&D (GERD) in 2012. In the OECD area, the level of R&D spending rose by 2.7% in real terms from 2011 to stand above pre-crisis levels for a second straight year.
This growth has been driven by a strong recovery in R&D performed by business (+3.5%), which has offset subdued growth of R&D expenditures in higher education institutions (+1.4%) and in the government sector (+0.9). Government R&D budgets remained stable or declined in a majority of countries, reflecting the impact of widespread fiscal consolidation.
The latest data also show that China has edged ahead of the EU for the first time in the proportion of economic output being invested in research & development. They also show that Korea now ranks first among OECD countries in terms of its R&D intensity.
The MSTI database provides a set of indicators that reflect the level and structure of the efforts undertaken by OECD Member countries and seven non-member economies (Argentina, China, Romania, Russian Federation, Singapore, South Africa, Chinese Taipei) in the field of science and technology from 1981 onwards. These data include final or provisional results as well as forecasts established by government authorities. The indicators cover the resources devoted to research and development, patent families, technology balance of payments and international trade in R&D-intensive industries.
Indicators on R&D expenditures, budgets and personnel are derived from the OECD’s Research and Development Statistics (RDS) database, which is based on the data reported to OECD and Eurostat in the framework of the joint OECD/Eurostat international data collection on resources devoted to R&D.
The sources for the other indicators include the OECD databases on Activities of Foreign Affiliates (AFA), on Bilateral Trade in Goods by Industry and End-use Category database (BTDIxE), on Patents and on Technological Balance of Payments (TBP).
The electronic edition is available via theOECD’s data dissemination service. Once you are on OECD.stat, the MSTI excel file can be downloaded by clicking on “export” and then “related files”.
MSTI is combined with the OECD’s RDS (Research and Development Statistics) database in “OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics”. This product is available on the Online Bookshop and notably includes a CD-ROM (with both RDS and MSTI databases) and the paper edition of MSTI. The MSTI database is also available online at OECDiLibrary.