Containing three OECD Council Recommendations as well as policy guidance developed by OECD Committees in six areas that express the consensus views of the entire OECD membership.
The OECD has played a major role in shaping and defining how privacy is protected around the globe. Its "Privacy Guidelines" have been extremely influential over the past 30 years.
Between 1996 and 2005, OECD work on ICT policy primarily focused on creating the framework conditions to ensure the development of the ICT sector, e-commerce and Internet infrastructure. From 2006, with the preparation of the Seoul Ministerial on the Future of the Internet Economy held in 2008, much of the OECD work aimed to build the evidence case that the Internet was becoming a platform for productivity, innovation, as well as for social and economic growth; and elaborate a policy framework providing the necessary building blocks for the Internet economy to continue to develop.
As the Internet permeates every aspect of our economy and society, it is also becoming a daily reality in our children’s lives. While it brings considerable benefits to their education and development, it also exposes them to online risks such as access to inappropriate content, abusive interaction with others, exposure to aggressive marketing practices and privacy risks.
Amid concern that the openness of the Internet that has been key in stimulating innovation and economic growth is currently eroding, the OECD has adopted a set of shared principles to preserve the fundamental openness of the Internet and its free flow of information.
OECD Reports on RFID: OECD Policy Guidance on Radio Frequency Identification / Radio Frequency Identification (RFID): A Focus on Information Security and Privacy / RFID Applications, Impacts and Country Initiatives
This report contains policy and practical guidance principles to enhance business and consumer benefits from the use of RFID while proactively taking into account information security and privacy issues. It is supported by a report on economic aspects of RFID that reviews major fields of applications, economic impacts and country initiatives and a report that analyses information security and privacy challenges as well as possible measures and safeguards to address them.
The Recommendation provides guidance on national policies and ways to improve international cooperation for the protection of critical information infrastructures (CII), the disruption or destruction of which would have a serious impact on the safety or well-being of citizens, or on the effective functioning of government or the economy. This guidance is derived from best practices identified in an OECD background report comparing CII policies in seven countries.
Background paper: Convergence and Next Generation Networks
The Policy Guidance presents a number of principles which could be used by policy makers to reassess regulations and policies and to ensure existing frameworks do not hamper convergence, investment and choice in the marketplace. The report examines the significant changes occurring in the communications sector through developments in what is commonly referred to as next generation access and core networks.
The Recommendation provides a set of policy principles to ensure effective competition, consumer awareness and protection, and a fair price level in international mobile roaming services.
The policy guidance aims at ensuring adequate protection of consumer interests in communication services while maintaining an environment that provides incentives to develop new communication services. The report examines how to increase market flexibility for consumers in communication services, and improve access to information.
Background paper: Digital Broadband Content: Public Sector Information and Content
Public organisations produce and hold large amounts of digitised information and content that users can access, re-use and further develop. This Council Recommendation is designed to increase access and use, and lays out principles for: openness and transparent conditions for re-use, quality and integrity, new technologies and long-term preservation, copyright, pricing, competition and redress, and international access.
Background paper: Digital Broadband Content: Digital Content Strategies and Policies
Digital content is an important factor driving growth and employment, with widespread impacts on business, governments and society. These policy principles are designed to enhance the benefits of digital content-related innovations by promoting an enabling environment, enhancing the infrastructure, and fostering a business and regulatory climate conducive to the creation, access and use of digital content.
Malware has evolved from occasional “exploits” to a multi-million dollar criminal industry. This report informs policy makers about the evolution and impact of malware, as well as the counter-measures being taken. It concludes with suggestions for greater co-operation across the various international communities addressing malware.
Background paper: Scoping Paper on Online Identity Theft
Identity theft has been identified by many as the fastest growing crime of the 21st Century. The Scoping Paper examines the scope and scale of the issue, recommending the development of adequate law enforcement countermeasures to prevent, detect and deter it. The policy guidance calls upon countries to implement effective educational measures to prevent consumers from becoming victims on-line.
Background paper: Mobile Commerce
With the growth of mobile commerce in recent years, consumers face new challenges. The report and policy guidance lay out the policy and technical responses that need to be in place to ensure that consumers engaging in mobile commerce transactions are adequately informed, and are protected against security or privacy risks. They also recommend the adoption of measures to protect minors from commercial exploitation.
Broadband plays a critical role in the workings of the economy and society. It connects consumers, businesses, and governments and facilitates social interaction. Hence, broadband policies are now a vital instrument to ensure the competitiveness of OECD countries and to address pressing societal concerns.
The OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data, adopted on 23 September 1980, continue to represent international consensus on general guidance concerning the collection and management of personal information. By setting out core principles, the Guidelines play a major role in assisting governments, business and consumer representatives in their efforts to protect privacy and personal data, and in obviating unnecessary restrictions to transborder data flows, both on and off line.
This 1999 report aims at helping to develop a common understanding of the use of contractual solutions in the context of B2B and B2C transborder data flows.