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This report finds that the Internet has developed an efficient market for connectivity based on voluntary contractual agreements. Operating in a highly competitive environment, largely without regulation or central organisation, the Internet model of traffic exchange has produced low prices, promoted efficiency and innovation, and attracted the investment necessary to keep pace with demand.
Mobile providers have garnered a very large share of traditional services, such as telephony, over the past decade. Nevertheless, mobile networks are dependent on fixed networks and could not efficiently meet the rapidly expanding demand of users without the contributions made by fixed broadband networks.
This work seeks to quantify investment in organisational capital (OC) by looking at the task content of occupations. It relies on the literature suggesting OC to be embodied in a firm’s workforce and defines OC as those tasks performed by employees – irrespective of their occupational titles – likely to affect a firm’s medium to long-term functioning, using US Occupational Information Network (O*NET) data.
This paper presents the results of data collection across 18 countries and demonstrates that it is possible to produce new policy relevant indicators on public funding of R&D. Initial findings highlight interesting differences across countries in terms of their approaches to R&D funding.
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This project aims to provide evidence of the economic value of knowledge-based capital as a new source of growth and improve understanding of current and emerging challenges for policy.
This report analyses initiatives in a number of countries through which end-users are notified by ISPs when their computer is identified as being compromised by malicious software and encouraged to take action to mitigate the problem.
The emerging "green" economy is a "smarter" economy that has increased demand for ICT-skilled jobs not only in the ICT sector, but more rapidly across the wider non-ICT economy.
The review of the available data and indicators on GVCs in this paper shows the increasing importance of GVCs in today’s global economy, but at the same time clearly highlights some major shortcomings.
This working paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus.
This paper utilises an economic model that looks at the end result – observations on changes in the pattern of consumer spending behaviour – and econometrically estimates the extent of the link between these behavioural changes and their drivers: traditional economic stimuli as well as changes in the economic environment due to advances in technology and improved provision of public sector IT infrastructure.