Working Papers


  • 11-October-2016

    English

    Impact of Apprenticeships on Individuals and Firms

    This working paper summarises existing studies evaluating the impact of apprenticeships on individuals and firms and provides a brief overview of relevant evaluations in three related policy areas: education; active labour market programmes; and private on-the-job training. Based on the reviewed literature, it draws a number of lessons that are relevant for evaluating apprenticeship programmes in OECD member countries.

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  • 3-September-2016

    English

    Estimating CO2 Emissions Embodied in Final Demand and Trade Using the OECD ICIO 2015: Methodology and Results

    In this working paper estimates of emissions embodied in final demand and in international trade were generated to contribute to a better understanding of how CO2 emissions around the world are driven by global consumption patterns. After explaining the methodology in detail, some general results are described and examples given of how to use and interpret the derived indicators.

  • 26-July-2016

    English

    Where to Locate Innovative Activities in Global Value Chains

    With the emergence of global value chains (GVCs), production processes are increasingly fragmented and dispersed across different countries. Although many MNEs still exhibit an important ‘home bias’ in their global innovation activities, a growing number of firms have offshored R&D and innovative activities to foreign locations.

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  • 7-June-2016

    English

    The Internet of Things: Seizing the Benefits and Addressing the Challenges

    The Internet of Things represents the next step in convergence between ICTs and the economy on an unprecedented scale, with estimates indicating that 25 billion devices will be connected by 2020. This aggregated data can drive innovation, research and marketing, holding the promise to substantially contribute to further economic growth and social prosperity.

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  • 7-June-2016

    English

    Digital Convergence and Beyond: Innovation, Investment and Competition in Communication Policy and Regulation for the 21st Century

    The digital convergence anticipated during the 2008 Seoul Ministerial on the Future of the Internet Economy has become a reality. This report identifies trends in convergence, the opportunities and challenges arising from these changes, and suggests policies to meet them.

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  • 26-January-2016

    English

    Reshoring: Myth or Reality?

    The news that companies in OECD economies are increasingly bringing manufacturing activities back home has attracted a lot of attention in recent years. But considerable disagreement exists about how important this trend actually is for economies in particular the number of jobs that reshoring is supposed to bring back.

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  • 14-January-2016

    English

    Routine jobs, employment and technological innovation in global value chains

    This work addresses the role of global value chains (GVCs), workforce skills, ICT, innovation and industry structure in explaining employment levels of routine and non-routine occupations. The analysis encompasses 28 OECD countries over the period 2000-2011.

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  • 14-January-2016

    English

    Routine Jobs, Employment and Technological Innovation in Global Value Chains

    This analysis encompasses 28 OECD countries over the period 2000-2011. The results suggest that comparatively higher skills are associated with higher employment in non-routine (NR) and low routine-intensive (LR) occupations. Also, employment in all types of occupations, both routine and non-routine, shows to positively relate to innovation, as measured by patents.

  • 18-June-2015

    English

    Assessing government initiatives on public sector information - A review of the OECD Council Recommendation

    Better access to and use of public sector information (PSI), including open government data, are inter-related parts of the shift towards knowledge-based economies, and drivers of innovation, growth and employment. PSI can be used directly to generate products and services, and it contributes in a wide variety of ways to improving efficiency and productivity across the economy (including within the public sector).

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  • 27-May-2015

    English

    Internet Literacy in Japan

    The rise in Internet usage among young people has seen a corresponding increase in international concern regarding their online safety. In line with the Recommendation on the Protection of Children Online, the Japanese government has initiated efforts to develop improved indicators to measure Internet literacy among youth.

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