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  • 5-May-2020

    English

    Providing science advice to policy makers during COVID-19

    While individual experts are often responsible for communicating science advice, they must be guided by clear common principles and supported by scientific institutions and networks across the globe. This requires international co-operation and open sharing of data and information.

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  • 4-May-2020

    English

    Keeping the Internet up and running in times of crisis

    Since the start of the COVID-19 crisis, demand for broadband communication services has soared, with some operators experiencing as much as a 60% increase in Internet traffic. This brief looks at how broadband networks can meet unprecedented demand.

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  • 1-May-2020

    English

    Identifying and measuring developments in artificial intelligence - Making the impossible possible

    This paper identifies and measures developments in science, algorithms and technologies related to artificial intelligence (AI). Using information from scientific publications, open source software (OSS) and patents, it finds a marked increase in AI-related developments over recent years. Since 2015, AI-related publications have increased by 23% per year; from 2014 to 2018, AI-related OSS contributions grew at a rate three times greater than other OSS contributions; and AI-related inventions comprised, on average, more than 2.3% of IP5 patent families in 2017. China’s growing role in the AI space also emerges. The analysis relies on a three-pronged approach based on established bibliometric and patent-based methods, and machine learning (ML) implemented on purposely collected OSS data.
  • 30-April-2020

    English

    Enhanced Access to Publicly Funded Data for Science, Technology and Innovation

    In increasingly knowledge-based societies and economies, data are a key resource. Enhanced access to publicly funded data enables research and innovation, and has far-reaching effects on resource efficiency, productivity and competitiveness, creating benefits for society at large. Yet these benefits must also be balanced against associated risks to privacy, intellectual property, national security and the public interest. This report presents current policy practice to promote access to publicly funded data for science, technology and innovation, as well as policy challenges for the future. It examines national policies and international initiatives, and identifies seven issues that require policy attention.
  • 28-April-2020

    English

    Protecting online consumers during the COVID-19 crisis

    The COVID-19 crisis has upended the global consumer landscape. Confinement measures have moved consumers further online, changed their demands and exacerbated behavioural biases. Many governments must strike a balance between protecting consumers’ health and safety, strengthening consumer trust, and addressing challenges to business and workers.

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  • 23-April-2020

    English

    Tracking and tracing COVID-19: Protecting privacy and data while using apps and biometrics

    Disclosures of personal information can allow the public to better identify potential COVID-19 infections and track the spread over time. However, current digital solutions for monitoring and containment have varying implications for privacy and data protection.

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  • 23-April-2020

    English

    Using artificial intelligence to help combat COVID-19

    AI technologies and tools play a key role in every aspect of the COVID-19 crisis response. To realise the full promise of AI to combat COVID-19, policy makers must ensure that AI systems are trustworthy and aligned with the OECD AI Principles.

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  • 20-April-2020

    English

    Open Science

    The OECD is working with member and non-member economies to review policies to promote open science and to assess their impact on research and innovation.

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  • 16-April-2020

    English

    OECD international survey of scientific authors

    The International Survey of Scientific Authors (ISSA) collects information on the activities of authors of scientific publications through a global online survey. It aims to complement other available statistical evidence and indicators in order to provide insights on selected aspects of research and inform science policy.

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  • 14-April-2020

    English

    Ensuring data privacy as we battle COVID-19

    While the exceptional measures implemented or envisaged in some countries may ultimately prove effective in limiting the spread of the virus, some approaches have proven controversial in terms of their risk of violating privacy and other fundamental rights of citizens, particularly when such measures lack transparency and public consultation.

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