Leading mobile platform providers have recently taken steps to improve transparency on how applications access personal data but more can be done to inform users and give them the ability to limit access. This paper provides an overview of the app economy and identifies emerging policy issues related to competition, consumer protection and skills development.
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In very simple terms, smart specialisation suggests that countries or regions should identify and select a limited number of priority areas for knowledge-based investments, focusing on strengths and comparative advantages. This report uses case studies to illustrate how smart specialisation can be used to design better public policies for boosting innovation-driven growth in OECD regions. It also examines governance and evaluation.
This report describes recent trends in government and institutional level policies to enhance the transfer and exploitation of public research. It also benchmarks a set of countries, universities and public research institutions based on both traditional and new indicators.
This report examines examples of new and emerging governance models that aim to support the responsible development of diagnostics and treatments based on the latest advances in biomedicine. In particular, it presents programmes and initiatives that aim to manage uncertainty in the development and approval of new medical products and thereby to improve the understanding of the risk/benefit balance.
This paper presents the findings of a survey of 25 countries. It provides a snapshot of current national or regional policy and research programmes designed to stimulate the growth of nanotechnology applications in diverse sectors of the economy while addressing the potential risks and the ethical and social challenges the technology might raise.
The economic and social impact of chronic brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative diseases will become the number one public-health problem worldwide, directly affecting 100 million people by 2050.
This page presents the OECD statistical work on human resources in science and technology, more specifically the OECD/UNESCO Institute for Statistics/Eurostat project on careers of doctorate holders.
This paper explores the development of the bioplastics sector and its role in national bioeconomy strategies. It finds that bioplastics are at a disadvantage compared to some other biobased products, notably biofuels, that often benefit from preferential treatment. It also notes that greater efforts are needed at the international level as regards standards to avoid creating barriers to international trade in biobased products.
This paper highlights the growth in support for financial instruments for seed and early-stage firms across OECD countries. These instruments include grants, loans and guarantee schemes, tax incentives and equity funds. This increased support is linked to the recent financial crisis and the growing concern about young firms’ access to finance.
The 200 indicators of the STI Scoreboard show how the digital transformation affects science, innovation, the economy and the way people work and live. It aims to help governments design more effective policies in our fast-changing digital era.