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Publications & Documents


  • 17-June-2019

    English

    The Space Economy in Figures - How Space Contributes to the Global Economy

    The space economy is expanding and becoming increasingly global, driven by the development of ever-more governmental space programmes around the world, the multiplication of commercial actors in value chains, durable digitalisation trends, and new space systems coming of age. This report describes these emerging trends using new and internationally comparable data and indicators. It highlights the growing importance of space activities for the economy, for developing country strategies (based on original official development assistance statistics), for the pursuit of knowledge and scientific discoveries, and for society in general. To get the most out of space investments and promote sustained socio-economic growth, this report provides some recommendations to countries in building up their statistical evidence on space actors and activities.
  • 11-June-2019

    English

    Artificial Intelligence in Society

    Today, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is transforming societies and economies and the AI landscape has evolved significantly from 1950 when Alan Turing first posed the question of whether machines can think. AI promises to generate productivity gains, improve well-being and help address global challenges, such as climate change, resource scarcity and health crises. Yet, as AI applications are adopted around the world, their use raises questions and challenges related to human values, fairness, human determination, privacy, safety and accountability, among others. This report helps build a shared understanding of AI in the present and near-term. It maps economic and social impacts of AI technologies and their applications, and identifies their applications and major policy considerations. The report also provides an overview of the current AI policy landscape, including AI initiatives from governments and other stakeholders at national and international levels.
  • 6-June-2019

    English

    Unpacking E-commerce - Business Models, Trends and Policies

    As digital transformation has accelerated, the e-commerce landscape has become increasingly dynamic. New players have emerged; established actors have taken on new roles; some barriers to e-commerce at the firm, individual and country levels have been overcome, while others have emerged. Innovative business models have transformed buyer-seller relationships and pushed out the frontier of what is possible to buy and sell on line. This report explores e-commerce developments, trends and business models, and offers new insights on the policies needed to exploit the opportunities and mitigate the challenges of unlocking the potential of e-commerce for all. Innovative business models have transformed buyer-seller relationships and pushed out the frontier of what is possible to buy and sell on line. This report explores e-commerce developments, trends and business models, and offers new insights on the policies needed to exploit the opportunities and mitigate the challenges of unlocking the potential of e-commerce for all.
  • 14-May-2019

    English

    Structural adjustment, mass lay-offs and employment reallocation

    This report provides an analysis of the incidence and determinants of mass lay-offs, controlling for the dynamics of overall employment. This in turn allows for the identification of specific policy factors that are linked to the phenomenon. The paper also investigates the re-employability prospects of workers in sectors at high risk.

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  • 13-May-2019

    English

    An Introduction to Online Platforms and Their Role in the Digital Transformation

    Online platforms support so many of our daily activities that we have become dependent on them in our personal and professional lives. We rely on them to buy and sell goods and services, to find information online and to keep in touch with each other. We use them for entertainment, news, transportation, accommodation, finding jobs and employees, finding apps and for many other purposes. Online platforms have also raised new and important policy questions, but the businesses themselves can be more complex than they appear so they are not always well understood. This report contains detailed profiles of twelve of the world’s leading platform companies and derives insights from those profiles about what platforms actually do, how they do it, and why they succeed financially. For example, the report finds that although platforms tend to have a number of economic characteristics in common, they also vary so greatly that they cannot be compartmentalised into just a few categories, let alone a single sector. Moreover, they do not all succeed for the same reasons. In addition, although the major Chinese platforms still have a low profile within the OECD, they are in the process of expanding globally and deserve more attention.
  • 6-May-2019

    English

    The digital innovation policy landscape in 2019

    How are OECD countries supporting digital innovation and ensuring that benefits spread across the economy? This paper explores strategies and initiatives currently implemented in OECD countries to support innovation in the digital age.

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  • 26-April-2019

    English

    Occupational mobility, skills and training needs

    This paper provides new analysis on how education and training policies can facilitate transitions across occupations while maintaining workers in quality jobs that make maximal use of their skill sets. The analysis also sheds light on the magnitude and type of training needed to help workers move away from occupations at high risk of automation.

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  • 25-April-2019

    English

    News on innovation, science, technology and industry

    Every month, this newsletter delivers the latest reports, statistics and policy recommendations from the OECD on the translation of science, technology and knowledge into innovation.

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  • 24-April-2019

    English

    OECD global portal on product recalls

    This site brings together regularly updated information on product recalls being issued around the world. It includes information on mandatory and voluntary recalls issued by a governmental body and made publicly available. Recalled products can be filtered by category and jurisdiction.

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  • 23-April-2019

    English

    Oslo Met University/OECD workshop on digital technology for science and innovation – Emerging topics for policy and assessment

    This November 2018 workshop gathered leading technologists, academics and policy representatives to identify so far untapped opportunities to use digital technology in science and innovation processes as well as emerging topics likely to become important in the future, but which have received limited study to date.

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