Every two years the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (DSTI), under the aegis of its Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP), reviews key global trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) and STI policies. In addition, thanks to the collection of data from a major policy survey circulated to CSTP delegates, the national performance in science and innovation of OECD countries and major emerging economies is put into perspective with the most recent national innovation policy developments.

This review helps synchronise common knowledge on innovation and innovation policies that may have been derived from different analytical approaches. It also builds on work carried out by the CSTP and its Working Parties on innovation policy analysis and innovation measurement, and on the more recent experience gained through the OECD Country Reviews of Innovation Policy.

Generally, the conclusions of these exercises are published in the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook. However, 2012 marked a turning point towards a more intensive use of the knowledge accumulated in this process, paving the way to a new generation of coordinated products, including:

  • A science and innovation policy database: a new qualitative database comprised of edited country responses to the innovation policy survey;
  • A dataset on national innovation systems: a newly designed analytical framework and statistical method to benchmark country performance in science and innovation across a range of harmonised STI indicators;
  • The OECD STI Outlook 2012: this edition marked a redesign of the publication format with the includion of profiles to improve readability and facilitate joint use of cross-country comparisons and country-specific analysis. Thematic policy profiles present cross-country comparisons of STI policy orientations, instruments and governance in the OECD area and beyond. Country profiles offer insights into national innovation systems and present recent important national innovation policy developments.
  • The STI e-Outlook compiles the STI Outlook profiles, the science and innovation policy database and the STI indicators dataset into a new interactive web-based platform that allows readers to become users. It also provides new dynamic tools to benchmark countries' performance.

 Acknowledgements

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