Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation

OECD news on innovation, science, technology and industry: Summer 2014

 

OECD news on innovation, science, technology and industry

Summer 2014

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Events

The 2014 Global Forum on Development: Innovating for Development will be held on 2 July 2014 at OECD headquarters in Paris. It will take stock of the contribution of innovation in tackling structural development challenges, and lagging productivity in particular, as a means to achieving more sustained and inclusive growth. Policy makers and experts from OECD, emerging and developing economies will discuss the role of innovation in development from several points of view, including new work on inclusive innovation.

Register your participation at www.oecd.org/site/OECDgfd
Read more about OECD work on inclusive innovation

OECDgfd

The 1st meeting of the Global Commission on Internet Governance’s Research Advisory Network (RAN) took place at the OECD in Paris on 27 June 2014. The RAN is comprised of distinguished scholars and internationally recognised experts, including OECD Director for Science, Technology and Industry Andrew Wyckoff. The RAN will support the work of the Global Commission on Internet Governance to develop forward-looking analysis on the future of multi-stakeholder Internet governance.

Read more about the Global Commission on Internet Governance at www.ourinternet.org

‌‌‌‌Global Commission on Internet Governance

 

Industry and Entrepreneurship

The Dynamics of Employment Growth: New Evidence from 18 Countries

A new OECD project to study firm-level employment dynamics (#DynEmp) shows that young firms have been the primary source of job creation over most of the past decade and across the 18 countries analysed. Even though they have only a small weight in the economy – they represent on average 17% of employment – they contribute more than twice as much to job creation (42% of the total) and only to 22% of all job destruction, making them (net) job creators. Conversely, older SMEs are generally net job destroyers.

‌‌During the crisis, old firms destroyed more jobs than new firms‌‌
See also Small firms are bigger than you think on the OECD Insights blog
Read the Conversable Economist blog post on Small firms and job creation: International evidence from OECD
See DynEmp: New cross-country evidence on the role of young firms in job creation, growth, and innovation on voxEU

 

Innovation

O‌ECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: France

France has a longstanding scientific and technical tradition, but to boost competitiveness and accelerate economic growth, it needs to fully exploit its innovation potential. This review highlights the need to encourage private-sector innovation, make public research institutions more accountable and channel more funds into the most promising R&D projects. It also underscores the importance of revisiting the way in which its R&D tax credit scheme functions. 
Summary in English | Full report in French  

More on innovation in science, technology and industry 

OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: France‌ 

Industry and Technology Policies in Korea

While the Korean innovation system is highly developed, it will need to address a number of economic and institutional challenges to sustain a steady flow of innovations and boost productivity. This review identifies essential reforms to reinforce the Korean innovation system, such as creating greater incentives to commercialise publically-funded research, increasing entrepreneurial activity by ensuring good framework policies, strengthening services sector productivity through structural reform and more fully assessing the economic impact of public support measures.
Full report in English | Summary in Korean

See more OECD reviews of innovation policy

OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy - Industry and Technology Policies in Korea

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Digital Economy

International Traffic Termination

This report finds that imposing mandatory higher charges for the termination of international inbound traffic suppresses demand. Moreover, governments that impose higher termination charges do not see their revenues increase proportionately.

See also Time to terminate termination charges on international calls? on the OECD Insights blog

Villemard, 1910. Correspondance Cinéma - Phono - Télégraphique. Chromolithographie. Paris, BNF, Estampes‌‌ 

Access Network Speed Tests

Measurement projects for Internet connection performance face greater potential hurdles than traditional telecommunication networks. At the same time, new opportunities are emerging from "crowd-sourced" data collected through applications installed by users. This report identifies new measurement approaches and analyses the trade-offs depending on different policy goals.

See also broadband speed tests by country

Internet access

The Development of Fixed Broadband Networks

The demand on fixed broadband networks is directly increased by wireless network growth, making upgrading fixed networks to ultra-fast speeds essential. This report provides an overview of the barriers to upgrading networks as well as the regulatory challenges encountered in spurring the deployment of fixed networks.

More on broadband & telecom

 

Digital Economy Papers

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Science

Emerging Policy Issues in Synthetic Biology

As an emerging technology, synthetic biology has immense promise for helping better understand some of the most pressing issues in biological research. It also has the potential to address some of the grand challenges facing society, such as climate change and energy security. To accomplish this, it must move into the mainstream. This report considers the policy options for regulating synthetic biology.

See also Public opinion key to harnessing synthetic biology (Nature newsblog, 4 June 2014)
More on science & technology | More on biotechnology policies

Emerging Policy Issues in Synthetic Biology‌ 

The Impacts of Large Research Infrastructures on Economic Innovation and on Society: Case Studies at CERN

This Global Science Forum report addresses the potential economic and societal impacts of international research facilities, using case studies from one of the largest global research infrastructures: the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN). With a special emphasis on CERN’s latest and most prominent scientific installation, the Large Hadron Collider, the study focuses on innovations needed for major CERN component development, innovations unrelated to the facility needs, software applications, and education and public outreach.

More from the Global Science Forum

 

Accelerating science

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Topics

Internet economy
Broadband and telecom
Innovation in science, technology and industry
Industry and globalisation
Science and technology policy
Biotechnology policies
Consumer policy 
Global value chains

Statistics

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‌‎‌‌ The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry develops evidence-based policy advice on the contribution of science, technology and industry to well-being and economic growth.

 

 

 

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