Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation

OECD news on innovation, science, technology and industry: September 2013

 

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September 2013

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Upcoming events and releases

The OECD Innovation, Higher Education, and Research for Development Project (IHERD) expert meeting (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,19-20 September 2013). This meeting on “Implementing Research and Innovation Policy at Policy and Institutional Levels in Africa” will bring together participants from Africa, Asia and OECD countries to reflect on the changing landscape of higher education and research and its implications on research and innovation leadership in Africa. 

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Recent releases

A Cross-Country Characterisation of the Patenting Behaviour of Firms Based on Matched Firm and Patent Data (STI Working Paper, 10 September 2013). This working paper proposes an exploratory characterisation of firms’ patenting behaviour across 15 countries. The stylised facts serve as a basis for broader policy relevant analyses and analysis of the role of country-specific framework conditions in explaining the observed differences in firm behaviour and outcomes.

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Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability (4 September 2013). This book considers the potential contribution of marine biotechnology to economic and social prosperity by making use of recent advances in science and technology. It discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology, how marine biotechnology contributes to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries, and how it offers potential new solutions to global challenges. 

Public Health in an Age of Genomics (STI Policy Paper, 2 August 2013). This paper investigates the drivers and criteria shaping the application of genomic biotechnology to health in different national settings and the barriers to implementation nationally and internationally. The findings are based on seven countries (Finland, Israel, Luxembourg, Mexico, United Kingdom, People's Republic of China and South Africa). The report outlines a number of potentially important differences that emerge when the country case studies are viewed in a transnational perspective. 

Electronic and Mobile Commerce (Digital Economy Paper, 26 July 2013). Commerce is a fundamental mechanism supporting economic activity. Technological improvements that facilitate commerce can reduce transaction costs, provide more information to participants, boost access to a wider array of products, lead to efficiency gains, as well as result in welfare improvements for the entire economy. This paper presents the current state of e-commerce and aims to inform policy makers about the need to continue to reduce barriers to e-commerce. It also highlights emerging market solutions to long-standing barriers.

OECD Broadband Statistics Update (18 July 2013). New OECD data released in July on broadband subscriptions, up to December 2012, show a steady upward trend in fibre adoption, with the share of fibre subscriptions in fixed broadband increasing to 14.9% (up to 48.7 million fibre broadband lines). Fibre grew by 12.7% in 2012, four times as much as fixed broadband at 3.27%. 

Measuring the Internet Economy: A Contribution to the Research Agenda (Digital Economy Paper, 12 July 2013). The Internet began as a communication tool but has transformed into a universal technology supporting virtually all sectors across the economy. Given the importance of the Internet, there is a high level of interest in being able to measure the Internet economy as a way to understand the effects of various investment strategies, regulatory rulings and policy decisions. This report categorises various approaches for measuring the Internet economy. It also introduces a methodology for measuring value added from Internet-related activities, and finds that at least 3.2% and up to 13.8% of business sector value added in the United States in 2011 could be attributed to Internet-related activities, depending on the scope of the definition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public Consultation on the Frascati Manual Extended

Public consultations for the revision of the Frascati Manual have been extended to 31 October 2013. Find out more at oe.cd/frascati-rev.

Since its first edition in 1963, the Frascati Manual has served as one of OECD’s most translated and influential publications and a reference document for anyone with an interest in research and development (R&D). By providing internationally accepted definitions of R&D and classifications of its component activities, the Manual contributes to inter‒governmental discussions on best practices for science and technology policies.

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Topics

Internet economy
Broadband and telecom
Innovation in science, technology and industry
Industry and globalisation
Science and technology policy
Biotechnology policies
Consumer policy 

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‌‎‌‌ The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry develops evidence-based policy advice on the contribution of science, technology and industry to well-being and economic growth.

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