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Revision of the Frascati Manual on Measuring R&D
Since its first edition in 1963, the Frascati Manual has served as one of OECD’s most translated and influential publications and a reference document for anyone with an interest in research and development (R&D). By providing internationally accepted definitions of R&D and classifications of its component activities, the Manual contributes to intergovernmental discussions on best practices for science and technology policies. It represents the collective work of national experts, produced under the aegis of the OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI).
NESTI is now undertaking a public consultation with a view to revising the manual for publication in 2015 and welcomes responses by 31 October. Find out more at oe.cd/frascati-rev.
OECD Communications Outlook 2013, 11 July 2013 — The OECD Communications Outlook provides an extensive range of essential indicators for industry and regulators to benchmark and evaluate their policy performance, based on data including revenue, investment, employment and service prices. This biannual edition is based on data from the OECD Telecommunications Database 2013, which provides time series of telecommunications and economic indicators such as network dimension, revenues, investment and employment for OECD countries from 1980 to 2011. Try the Communications Outlook quiz.
Review of the Seoul Ministerial Declaration on the Future of the Internet Economy (Digital Economy Paper), 8 July 2013 — This paper is a synthesis of the review of the recommendations set out in the Seoul Declaration of 2008 and of their implementation at national and international levels. It focuses on seven main themes: access to the Internet via a high-speed infrastructure; digital content and green ICTs in the context of innovation and sustainable growth; understanding the data-driven Internet economy and the development of smarter applications; cybersecurity and privacy; empowering and protecting consumers; ensuring an open Internet economy; and ensuring global participation in the Internet economy for development.
Main Science and Technology Indicators 2013/1, 5 July 2013 —This biannual publication provides a set of indicators on the level and structure of the efforts of OECD members and seven partner economies in the field of science and technology. The latest OECD estimates on Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) confirm that the modest recovery initiated in 2010 continued into 2011. For the whole OECD area, total R&D expenditures grew in real terms by 1.3% in 2010, mainly driven by the higher education and government sectors, while business R&D only increased by 0.6%. OECD estimates indicate an overall real growth rate for GERD of 2.1% in 2011 driven by a gradual recovery in business R&D (2.8%) and sustained growth in research in the higher education sector (2.5%), despite a reduction in government R&D (-1.2%). Further information on the MSTI webpage (www.oecd.org/sti/msti.htm), including instructions for accessing the data. The related database is available on the OECD iLibrary at http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00182-en.
Mobile Handset Acquisition Models (Digital Economy Paper), 2 July 2013 — This report examines the relationship between the prices for mobile communication services and some of the most popular handsets used to access these services, focusing on smartphones. The report aims to better understand different business models and how they may affect price comparisons. It looks at how different models for handset acquisition in different countries, and across different operators, may affect comparisons of service prices. With benchmarking of mobile communication prices being used to inform policy makers, regulators, industry and consumers, this report examines the challenges of comparing prices when handset discounts are bundled with mobile communication plans. Also read a post from OECD Insights Blog: How much does that cheap smartphone really cost.
Careers of Doctorate Holders: Analysis of Labour Market and Mobility Indicators (STI Working Paper), 28 June 2013 — This paper analyses the labour market and mobility indicators generated by the second large-scale data collection on Careers of Doctorate Holders, a joint project by the OECD, UNESCO Institute for Statistics and Eurostat. Doctoral degrees being awarded across the OECD have increased steadily and the labour market premium of doctorate holders relative to other highly qualified individuals was sustained through 2009. Job mobility patterns differ markedly across countries, with more frequent mobility among doctorates not working in research. International mobility and migration of doctoral graduates have kept increasing over the decade.
The OECD Innovation, Higher Education, and Research for Development Project (IHERD) expert meeting, Marseille, France, 1-2 July 2013 — This meeting sought input from expert policy makers, practitioners and academics on the preliminary reports/results of six research projects undertaken so far, such as an analysis of gaps in research and innovation management in some South-East Asian countries.
OECD-Israel Seminar on Increasing the Impact of Science and Innovation for Society and Economy, Tel Aviv, Israel, 2 July 2013 — This seminar was the opportunity to exchange knowledge and experiences with a view to advancing Israel’s STI activities; at the same time it was an overview of the OECD’s Committee on Scientific and Technological Policies (CSTP) activities in the field of STI, including the work of the Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP).
74th Session of the OECD Steel Committee, Paris, France, 1-2 July 2013 — The OECD Steel Committee, whose participants account for most of the world’s steel production and trade, focusses on analytical and statistical work on world steel market and industry developments; steelmaking capacity; steel trade developments, and steel-related raw materials.
On 1-2 July government and industry delegates from OECD and partner economies discussed: the economic performance and viability of the steel industry; the importance of maintaining open markets for steel; the outlook for the world economy and global steel industry; steel market reports by regional steel associations; steelmaking raw material markets; steelmaking capacity in the global steel industry, and energy markets.
Unlocking Global Collaboration to accelerate innovation for Alzheimer's disease and dementia, Oxford, United Kingdom, 20-21 June 2013 — This expert consultation stimulated discussion and the highest possible level of expert engagement in setting out an agenda for OECD action to accelerate innovation for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Country experts, policy makers and other stakeholders shared views on the main scientific, technological and policy challenges Alzheimer’s and dementia raise and discussed how to develop concrete ideas for OECD action.