Commercialising Public Research: New Trends and Strategies (11 December 2013)
The way in which universities and public research institutions engage with business to take science from the lab to the market is rapidly evolving. This report provides a comprehensive review of policies aimed at enhancing the transfer, exploitation and commercialisation of public research. The report also compares performance in OECD countries, universities and public research institutions using both traditional and new indicators.
Addressing Dementia: The OECD Response (11 December 2013)
As the number of people affected by dementia climbs across the world, the cost for health systems rises in tandem. Decisive steps need to be taken to deal with the human, social and economic costs of this disease. OECD countries account for nearly half the global cases of dementia today and have a particular responsibility in addressing this challenge. This new brochure, released at the G8 Dementia Summit in London, provides an overview of OECD work in this area. Following the summit, G8 Health Ministers issued a declaration inviting the OECD to work in partnership with countries to take stock of their current national incentive structure for research and consider what changes could be made to promote and accelerate discovery and research and its transformation into innovative and efficient care and services.
OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2013 (15 November 2013)
This report, prepared in collaboration with the Statistics Directorate, presents a broad overview of recent and longer term trends in productivity levels and growth in OECD countries. In addition, it highlights some of the key measurement challenges faced when compiling cross-country comparable productivity indicators. It also examines the role of productivity as the main driver of economic growth and convergence, and the contributions of labour, capital and multifactor productivity in driving economic growth.
The App Economy (17 December 2013)
Mobile applications, also known as “apps”, are an expanding sector of the economy with significant innovative potential. As the app economy matures, there are increasing calls for transparency on how data is collected and used by apps. Leading mobile platform providers have taken steps to improve transparency but more can be done to inform users and give them the ability to limit access. This paper provides an overview of the app economy and identifies emerging policy issues related to competition, consumer protection and skills development.
Toward New Models for Innovative Governance of Biomedecine and Health Technologies (5 December 2013)
This policy paper examines new and emerging governance models that aim to support the responsible development of diagnostics and treatments based on the latest advances in biomedicine. In particular, it presents programmes and initiatives to manage uncertainty in the development and approval of new medical products to improve the understanding of the risk/benefit balance. It also identifies some of the main challenges for policy makers, regulators and other communities involved in the translation of biomedical innovation and health technologies from the laboratory bench to the bedside.
Responsible Development of Nanotechnology (29 November 2013)
This paper provides a snapshot of national or regional policy and research programmes in 25 countries designed to stimulate the growth of nanotechnology applications in diverse sectors of the economy while addressing the potential risks, and the ethical and social challenges this technology might raise.