Inventory of National Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Nanotechnology 2008

 

Inventory of National Science, Technology and Innovation Policies for Nanotechnology 2008

 

This paper reviews available information about current science, technology and innovation policies for nanotechnology and highlights the nature and organisation, some challenges and opportunities of different national STI policy approaches.

 

MAIN POINTS


Twenty-four countries responded to a policy questionnaire circulated in early 2008, twenty-one member countries of the OECD and three observer countries. The resulting inventory of current science, technology and innovation (STI) policies for nanotechnology indicates that:

  • The majority of the respondent countries have put nanotechnology-specific policies in place and have dedicated research and development (R&D) funding for nanotechnology;
  • Approximately half of those countries have established new organisational and institutional frameworks; 
  • There is a wide range of policy objectives including fostering R&D, commercialisation and encouraging company involvement in nanotechnology-related business activity; 
  • Over half of the respondent countries have nanotechnology co-operation agreements with other countries; 
  • Nearly three quarters are participating in international discussion fora and initiatives on nanotechnology other than those of the OECD or the EC; 
  • Most of the respondent countries have mechanisms to involve the public and industry in policy-making around nanotechnology; 
  • The majority of policies in respondent countries consider ethical, legal and social issues in some form; 
  • Most respondent countries support education and training, have information about human resources needs and have policies to attract migrant workers;
  • Key policy challenges for countries included health, ELS (ethical, legal and social) and education issues and the need for information in order for nanotechnology to be developed responsibly; and
  • Where business-related policies exist, priority application areas are process engineering, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, and electronics.

 

 

 

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