OECD news on science, technology and innovation View the email online
28 February 2018
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Did you know that over 10% of innovative start-up founders in Canada, Brazil, Australia and India are students, or that innovative start-ups receive on average 23% less funding when one or more women are among the founders? A portrait of innovative start-ups across countries presents our new analysis of these firms and venture capital across countries using Crunchbase data.
Mobile termination rates – the rates operators charge each other to connect calls – dropped by an average of 42% in OECD countries between end-2014 and end-2017, benefiting consumers. Meanwhile, the latest update to the OECD broadband statistics also shows that high-speed mobile Internet subscriptions grew by 93 million, or 7.6% in the year to June 2017, taking mobile broadband penetration over 100% in the OECD area for the first time. 
Bridging the rural digital divide

What are the recent policy and technology approaches to bridging the digital divide in rural and remote areas in OECD countries? Experience in OECD countries with fibre optics, coaxial cable, copper, fixed and mobile wireless, satellites and hybrid approaches, as well as with emerging technologies, are used to illustrate some of the technological trends discussed in this paper. It also includes a summary of common challenges and good practices to bring improved communication services to individuals and communities in rural and remote regions.
Global value chains and centrality: Mapping key hubs, spokes and the periphery

This paper uses “centrality” metrics to reflect position within global value chains. Central sectors reflect those that are highly connected (both directly and indirectly) and influential within global production networks, whereas peripheral sectors exhibit weak linkages and are less influential. Applying these metrics to OECD ICIO data reveals that there have been profound changes in the structure of GVCs over the period 1995-2011. 
Revised proposal for the revision of the statistical definitions of biotechnology and nanotechnology

Agreement on a harmonised application of clear statistical definitions of technologies is pertinent to the delineation of technology fields both with regard to each other and within the context of wider economic developments.

This document revises the OECD's statistical definition of biotechnology and proposes the adoption of a statistical definition of nanotechnology in the same format.

See also: 
Steel Market Developments Q4 2017

Steel market conditions have improved slightly and there are signs of recovery in several markets. It is uncertain whether the recovery is robust and sustainable, with important headwinds related to financial vulnerabilities and the slow pace of adjustment of capacity to demand. 

This report provides an overview of recent steel market developments, as well as additional information about financial vulnerabilities, the latest developments in global steelmaking capacity and a brief overview of developments in selected downstream sectors.

•    See more OECD work on steel

Workshop on Digital Security and Resilience in Critical Infrastructure and Essential Services

On 15-16 February this workshop discussed the effects of growing digital transformation on the resilience of critical infrastructures and essential services which rely increasingly on cross-border digital infrastructures. It explored cross-sector dependencies and avenues for co-ordination among stakeholders within countries as well as across borders. It also looked at how an integrated whole-of-government approach to digital transformation of the economy and society can best help address these risks.

•    Agenda and presentations
•    OECD Going Digital project
An evening with an OECD analyst:
The next production revolution

Between now and 2030, innovations such as 3D printers, robotics, new materials and data-led manufacturing will have fascinating implications for production. The more governments and firms understand, the better placed they will be to address the risks and reap the benefits.

On 6 February,  Alistair Nolan from @OECDinnovation was at the American Library in Paris to discuss the OECD report The Next Production Revolution: Implications for Governments and Business

•    Watch the replay on Facebook
•    See the report
Coming soon
OECD Main Science and Technology Indicators

A new edition will be available on Monday, 5 March. It will present the latest estimates of actual R&D expenditure and personnel for OECD countries and key partner economies up to 2016 and government R&D budgets up to 2017. It will also include complementary indicators relating to patenting and international trade in R&D-intensive areas.
R&D tax incentives in OECD countries

The latest round of country profiles on the use of R&D tax incentives in OECD, EU and other major economies will be launched at a workshop hosted by the European Commission in Brussels on 5 March. These profiles contain detailed information on the design features and cost of tax provisions used by countries to incentivise R&D performance by businesses, reporting on both long-term and recent trends.  
In case you missed it
6 February was Safer Internet Day. Young people have a higher propensity to share personal information online, but did you know that they also tend to control access to their personal data more often? 
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