OECD news on science, technology and innovation View the email online
18 January 2018
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Science in a digital world
Science not only underpins the development of the digital tools that are changing all our lives but it is also undergoing a paradigm change as a result of digitalisation. All stages of the scientific process, from the development of research agendas to the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge are being radically altered by digitalisation. This new world of open science and big data holds enormous promise but at the same time presents new challenges for policy makers, scientific institutions and individual researchers. Find out more in this new collection of policy papers published in December.
Co-ordination and support of international research data networks

International research data networks are a critical part of the infrastructure for open science and need to be supported accordingly. Achieving wider recognition of this is just one of the recommendations stemming from this paper, which analyses the diversity and complexity of international research data networks through 32 case studies.
Open research agenda setting

Citizen engagement is being promoted in many countries as a mechanism to improve the efficiency, quality and relevance of research and improve transparency and trust in science. At the same time, digitalisation is opening up new opportunities for consultation and exchange with citizens.This paper analyses seven initiatives to engage citizens in the co-design of research agendas.
Digital platforms for facilitating access to research infrastructures

Shared research infrastructures play an increasingly important role in most scientific fields and represent a significant proportion of the total public investment in science. Many of these infrastructures have the potential to be used outside of their traditional scientific domain or beyond the academic community but this potential is often not fully realised. This paper analyses eight case studies of digital platforms and identifies a number of key issues that can help guide policymakers, funders, institutions and managers interested in developing or contributing to such platforms.
Business models for sustainable research data repositories

As data volumes and the demands for more open access to data increase, data repositories are coming under increasing financial pressures that can undermine their long-term sustainability. This report explores the income streams, costs, value propositions, and business models for 48 research data repositories. It includes a set of recommendations designed to provide a framework for developing sustainable business models and to assist policy makers and funders in supporting repositories with a balance of policy regulation and incentives.
Other new releases
Strengthening the effectiveness and sustainability of international research infrastructures

This paper identifies the challenges faced by research infrastructure funders, managers and operators throughout the various phases of the research infrastructure life cycle - from planning and construction to termination. It presents practical solutions that have been found to be applicable in  in different situations and proposes a series of overall policy recommendations.
The evolving role of satellite networks in rural and remote broadband access

Broadband access can unlock a wealth of economic and social opportunities, but many communities remain excluded from the benefits of broadband due to limited coverage. This paper describes key recent developments based on new and anticipated satellite broadband deployments in extending services to underserved areas in relation to other broadband options. It investigates important policy challenges to be considered in light of such innovation.

See also: OECD broadband statistics
OECD at Internet Governance Forum 2017: Shape Your Digital Future!
Geneva, 18-21 December

The OECD was again present at the IGF where we organised three sessions:
  • Open Forum on the OECD Going Digital project
  • AI: Intelligent machines, smart policies
  • Policy and technology approaches for expanding broadband to rural and remote areas
Read more and watch the replays at oe.cd/igf2017
OECD at 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association
Philadelphia, 6 January

New work stemming from the OECD MultiProd project on the micro drivers of aggregate productivity was presented at the ASSA meeting session on Is the Large Firm Wage Premium Dead or Just Merely Resting?  

The paper The Productivity-Wage Premium: Does size still matter in a service economy? uses a unique micro-aggregated dataset covering 17 countries over 18 years to demonstrate that in a service economy the stylized fact is a “productivity-wage premium” rather than a “size-wage premium”. This has important policy implications for workers and firms.
In case you missed it
OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017:
The Digital Transformation

Released in November, the STI Scoreboard 2017 draws on the latest internationally comparable data to show how the digital transformation affects science, innovation, the economy and the way people work and live.

A summary is also available in 26 languages at oe.cd/sti-scoreboard.
OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017

Published last October, the Digital Economy Outlook looks at policy implications of the digital transformation and shows how Internet infrastructure and usage vary across countries and firms in the OECD area.

A summary is also available in 26 languages at oe.cd/deo2017.
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