OECD news on science, technology and innovation View the email online
06 December 2017
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Highlights from the STI Scoreboard 2017
With some 200 indicators and covering over 40 advanced and emerging economies, the new 2017 edition of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard shows how countries and firms are pushing ahead in developing new digital technologies, automating manufacturing, and ensuring that workers have the right skills for tomorrow’s jobs as the digital transformation reshapes economies and people’s day-to-day lives and work.

The STI Scoreboard 2017 also reveals how ready a country is for the future. Themes covered include:
  • Knowledge economies and the digital transformation
  • Knowledge, talent and skills
  • Research excellence and collaboration
  • Innovation in firms
  • Leadership and competitiveness
  • Society and the digital transformation
Statlinks: The underlying data for each graph in the Scoreboard are available for free download. Just click on the link beneath each figure to access the data.

Summaries of the STI Scoreboard 2017 are available in 26 languages
Country highlights: Notes on all 35 OECD member countries are available for free download. These highlights have a specific focus on digital trends among all the themes covered.

See country notes and interactive charts at oe.cd/sti-scoreboard
Women in science and innovation
The 2017 STI Scoreboard brings fresh evidence on where women stand in the pursuit of better representation in the world of science and technology. 

Blog post: Women in science, technology and innovation: old stereotypes and new realities
  • Between 2012-2015, less than 15% of inventions patented in the five top IP offices listed women as inventors. But there is great variety across countries and fields: women inventors feature in 42% of patented inventions in pharmaceuticals in Spain, and 49% of biotechnology patents in Poland.
See data and read more on empowering women in science and innovation
  • Latvia has achieved gender parity in its number of researchers, while in Sweden, more than half of women researchers are working in the business sector.
See data and read more on women researchers
Artificial intelligence
Patents in artificial intelligence technologies, 2000-2015
Patents protect novel inventions and technologies, and patent data can help investigate a number of policy-relevant issues related to innovation and technological development. Did you know:
  • China, Chinese Taipei, Japan, Korea and the US accounted for 70-100% of the 20 fastest growing new ICT technologies over 2012-15, as measured by inventions patented in the five top Intellectual Property offices (IP5).
  • The number of artificial intelligence technologies patented in the 5 top IP offices rose by 6% a year on average over 2010-15, twice the overall growth rate for patents, led by Japan.
  • EU countries contributed to 12% of the top AI inventions, down from 19% in the previous decade.
  • 30% of patent filed in medical diagnosis incorporate embedded AI-related components
See the data and read more on AI technologies

See also:
Jobs and skills
  • From 2010-2015 total employment in the OECD area grew by 4.9% (a net gain of about 27 million jobs).  See data and read more on where people gained and lost jobs
  • Greater integration in global value chains has implications for demand for skills in countries. In 2014, in the United States, an estimated 38% of approximately 13 million business sector workers engaged in production to satisfy foreign final demand were high skilled. Such shares vary across OECD countries, ranging from about 25% in Greece and the Slovak Republic to over 40% in countries with large service sectors such as Luxembourg (56%), the United Kingdom (47%), Sweden (46%), Finland (43%) and France (43%). See data and read more
Other new releases
Neurotechnology and society: Strengthening responsible innovation in brain science

This report identifies and seeks to address key challenges for the responsible development of neurotechnology. In particular, it analyses frameworks and mechanisms for integrating social concerns in the early development of technology, and discusses best practices for research funders across the public and private sectors.
What role for social sciences in innovation? Re-assessing how scientific disciplines contribute to different industries

Commonly used data and methodologies offer only partial perspectives on science-industry linkages. This policy paper offers new insights to better capture the contributions of social scientists and the complex disciplinary needs of the digital economy.
The evolving role of satellite networks in rural and remote broadband access

Based on new and anticipated satellite broadband deployments, this report describes key recent developments in extending services to underserved areas in relation to other broadband options. It investigates important policy challenges to be considered in light of such innovation.

See also:
Promoting the construction and operation of greener ships

Maritime freight transport is indispensable for international trade. This report, released for the OECD Workshop on Green Growth of Maritime Industries and contributing to the OECD Ocean Economy Week, looks at policies aimed at greening the vessels plying our oceans. 

See also: 
In the news
OECD welcomes outcome of the Global Forum on Steel Excess Capacity Ministerial Meeting

On 30 November, G20 Ministers agreed on a roadmap to reduce steel excess capacity. The 33 Members of the Global Forum adopted a report with six guiding principles for governments, on the basis of which the OECD has worked closely with members to develop specific policy recommendations – providing the concrete policy solutions requested by G20 Leaders.
Mark your calendars
Conference on the future of innovation and technology policy

On 11 December the OECD Working Party on Innovation and Technology Policy (TIP) will celebrate its 50th meeting anniversary with a conference to discuss the future of innovation and technology policy (see agenda). To participate in the debates and access the live webcast, please contact Caroline Paunov.
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