OECD news on science, technology and innovation View the email online
05 October 2017
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OECD Telecommunication and Broadcasting Review of Mexico 2017

Four years after Mexico overhauled its telecommunication and broadcasting sectors with a major legal and regulatory reform, 50 million more Mexican people have a mobile broadband subscription, and prices have dropped sharply. This OECD review takes stock of progress and recommends further measures for the telecommunication and broadcasting sectors to ensure Mexico reaps maximum benefits from the digital transformation.
The G7 ICT/Industry Ministers met in Torino, Italy on 25-26 September to discuss competitiveness of small and medium-sized businesses in the next production revolution, digital infrastructures and artificial intelligence, cybersecurity for business, and intellectual property rights. OECD Director for Science, Technology and Innovation, Andrew Wyckoff, gave a keynote on Making the Next Production Revolution Inclusive, Open and Secure.
New releases
World Top R&D Investors: Industrial Property Strategies in the Digital Economy

By exploiting information on patents, trademarks and designs, this report sheds light on the top R&D investors worldwide in the digital economy, their innovative and creative activities, and their branding strategies. It is accompanied by a publicly available database which can be used for further analysis in support of evidence-based policy making.

The work was presented in Seville on 27 September at the CONCORDi conference on Innovation and Industrial Dynamics by OECD STI Deputy Director Dirk Pilat (@PilatSTI).

•    Read the report (pdf) 
•    Get access to the COR&DIP© database, v.1. 2017
The Microbiome, Diet and Health: Towards a Science and Innovation Agenda

There is now strong evidence that microbiomes play an important role in human health, as there are clear linkages to many major non-communicable diseases. This report assesses the key policy challenges for innovation in the microbiome. It argues that if such a promising scientific field is to lead to innovative applications, policies on science and innovation must be improved in five areas: 1) science policy; 2) enabling translational science; 3) public-private collaboration; 4) regulatory frameworks; 5) skills, communication and the public.
Marine Biotechnology: Definitions, Infrastructures and Directions for Innovation

Several countries have been setting up strategic roadmaps to support marine biotechnologies that could drive innovation and help address the global sustainability goals of food, energy, and health. This report identifies and begins to address challenges facing cooperation on marine biotechnology across countries. First, it provides on an international definition of marine biotechnology that was developed through a multi-year process. Second, it reviews the international infrastructure in marine biotechnology and identifies the lack of standardisation as a critical issue.
The Future of Global Value Chains: Business as Usual, or "A New Normal"?

This policy note gives the quick read on research describing scenarios for global value chains over the next 10 to 15 years. It indicates that the future of GVCs may look quite different from the past, with the growing digitalisation of production most likely the biggest game-changer. 
Mark your calendars
OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017
Forthcoming Wednesday 11 October

Published every two years, the Digital Economy Outlook highlights how OECD countries and partner economies are taking advantage of ICTs and the Internet to meet their public policy objectives. Through comparative evidence, it informs policy makers of regulatory practices and policy options to help maximise the potential of the digital economy as a driver for innovation and inclusive growth.

The 2017 edition looks at the digital transformation and policy and regulation as well as trends in access and connectivity, ICT usage and skills, innovation, applications and transformation, digital risk and trust.
It will also explore the opportunities and challenges raised by artificial intelligence and blockchain.
The full Digital Economy Outlook and related materials will be available at oe.cd/deo2017 from 11 OctoberSee also:
Conference on Artificial Intelligence - "AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies"
Paris, 26-27 October

Policymakers, representatives of civil society and AI experts from industry and academia will discuss opportunities, challenges and the role of policy and international co-operation.

The event will be webcast at oe.cd/ai
Topics of discussion will include:
  • the state of AI research
  • AI applications & case studies, focusing on science and space applications
  • the AI policy landscape
  • employment and skills
  • responsibility, liability and safety
  • privacy and security
  • transparency and ethics
Intellectual Property Statistics for Decision Makers 2017 Conference
Mexico City, 14-15 November

The IPSDM conference aims to discuss how intellectual property data, statistics, and analysis are used and can be used to inform decision-makers in both the public and private sectors and to identify key information needs and possible shortcomings. 

Registration is still open for this year’s event, which will be hosted in Mexico City by the patent offices of Canada, Mexico and the United States. See the conference website for further details.

See also: OECD work on intellectual property (IP) statistics and analysis

Recent events
Opportunities and Policy Challenges of Digital Transformation in Southeast Asia

The 2017 OECD Southeast Asia Regional Forum was held on 24 August 2017 in Bangkok, Thailand. With a focus on digital transformation, discussions ranged across the lessons that can be learned from experiences in other regions, policy options for achieving sustainable digital transformation in Southeast Asian economies, and linking the workforce to quality jobs in a digital era. OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría (@A_Gurria) and OECD Deputy Director for Science, Technology and Innovation Dirk Pilat (@PilatSTI) participated.

•    Press release
•    Background note
•    Making the digital age work for ASEAN, Nikkei Asian Review article by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría
•    The future of technology: Opportunities for ASEAN in the digital economy, a chapter in “Global Megatrends: Implications for the Asean Economic Community”

See also: OECD Going Digital project
OECD Steel Committee reiterates urgency of addressing supply

The Committee welcomed the modest recovery in the global steel market, but alerted that considerable structural imbalances remain acute at its meeting at the OECD on 28-29 September.

•    Steel Committee Chair’s statement
•    OECD work on steel
New Approaches to Economic Challenges: Seminar on the next production revolution

Alistair Nolan presented some of the key messages from the recent OECD report “Next Production Revolution: Implications for Governments and Business” at a seminar held at the OECD on 12 September.
Workshop on impacts of digital transformation on innovation across sectors

Digital transformation is profoundly affecting innovation processes and business models, but probably also innovation policy needs. On 21-22 September the OECD held a workshop with Digital Catapult and Innovate UK to address these questions.
Employment opportunity
The OECD is looking for an economist to support the Digital Economy Policy Division’s work on the economic and policy analysis of the digital economy and, in particular, national reviews of digitalisation policy as part of the OECD's Going Digital project. Deadline for applications: 23 October.
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