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This report sheds new light on the digital transformation and the strategies pursued by top innovators worldwide to generate knowledge and to appropriate the returns from their knowledge-based investment through industrial property (IP) rights. uncovers the extent to which information and communication technologies and activities are diffusing and have been adopted by actors operating in other technological and economic domains.
Several countries have been setting up strategic roadmaps to support marine biotechnologies that could drive innovation and help address the global sustainability goals of food, energy, and health. This report identifies and begins to address challenges facing cooperation on marine biotechnology across countries.
There is now strong evidence that microbiomes play an important role in human health, as there are clear linkages to many major non-communicable diseases. This report assesses the key policy challenges for innovation in the microbiome. It argues that if such a promising scientific field is to lead to innovative applications, policies on science and innovation must be improved in five areas.
The world’s nominal steelmaking capacity is estimated to reach 2.241 billion tonnes in 2014, more than double the capacity of 2000. The OECD is launches a database that details new investment projects in the industry by region and country in both developing and advanced economies through 2017 and beyond. The data portal makes data on steel projects in OECD countries fully accessible for the first time.
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The next production revolution entails a confluence of technologies ranging from a variety of digital technologies to new materials to new processes. As these technologies transform the production and the distribution of goods and services, they will have far-reaching consequences for productivity, skills, income distribution, well-being and the environment.
These reviews offer a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of individual OECD member and non-member countries, focusing on the role of government. They provide concrete recommendations on how to improve policies which impact on innovation performance.
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This policy brief discusses the possible impact of digitalisation on women and men, and proposes a range of policies to ensure that technological change supports a closing, and not a widening, of gender gaps.
The world economy is facing a number of structural shifts that may dramatically change the outlook for GVCs in the coming years. By describing how these shifts will likely evolve over the next 10-15 years and calculating their effects on global production and trade, the scenarios in this paper offer new, empirically funded insights on the future of GVCs.