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This OECD background report for the September 2019 G20 International Conference on Consumer Policy focuses on six policy areas of particular importance: adjusting policy to rapidly changing technologies; cross-border co-operation; impact of product recalls; dispute resolution and redress; the role of consumer protection agencies in attaining the Sustainable Development Goals; and protecting vulnerable consumers in the digital age.
Drawing on the 2018 update of the OECD’s Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) database, this paper explores the evolution of trade in value added between 2005 and 2015. Changes in international production systems are examined with particular attention given to four key sectors heavily integrated into global value chains: textiles and apparel, chemicals, ICT and electronics, and motor vehicles.
Ship finance is a broad term that involves corporate financial management of shipping companies and shipyards as well as new building finance. As the maritime industry is highly capital-intensive, and with the effects of the 2008 financial crisis, financing has become critical for the shipbuilding sector and shipping companies around the world. This paper provides an overview of ship finance practices in major shipbuilding economies.
This report summarises discussions at the first event of the OECD Global Forum on Digital Security for Prosperity. Participants examined stakeholders' roles and responsibilities in the governance of digital security risk in organisations, and how to improve digital security of technologies throughout their life cycle.
Digital technologies impact innovation in all sectors of the economy, but they are integrating and transforming sectors in very different ways. This analysis calls for revisiting innovation policy mixes to ensure they remain effective and address emerging challenges.
This paper presents a new effort to collect comprehensive metadata for DynEmp and MultiProd, two OECD distributed microdata projects that collect information to analyse employment dynamics and productivity in a harmonised way across countries.
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The OECD Going Digital Summit held in Paris on 11-12 March 2019 brought together policy makers and other experts met to map the way forward on policy making in the digital era. Discussions covered issues such as jobs and skills, high quality broadband access, trade and competition, data and privacy, and artificial intelligence.
The emergence of GVCs challenges our conventional wisdom on how we look at economic globalisation and in particular the policies that we develop around it. The OECD is preparing a broad range of work to help policy makers understand the effects of GVCs on a number of policy domains.
This report looks at the economics of zero rating - when certain types of traffic are not counted against a consumer’s download allowance by the Internet access service - and key policy issues such as its effects on competition and innovation. It also compares regulatory approaches across several countries.
This report examines what the future of 5G could mean for communication markets in terms of investment, good practices in spectrum management, competition, coverage and meeting the increasing requirements of the digital transformation, with a focus on case studies from OECD countries. lt also explores how 5G may represent a paradigm shift, as it is the first standard conceived with the IoT in mind.